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42 Cards in this Set

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What are anti-federlists?
A term used to describe opponents of the constitution during the debate over ratification.
What is the bill of rights?
The first ten amendments to the constitution.
What is the system of checks and balances?
The elaborate system of divided spheres of authority provided by the U.S. Constitution as a means of controlling the power of government.
What is the constitution?
The fundamental law that defines how a government will legitimately operate.
What is constitutional democracy?
A government that is democratic in its provisions for majority influence through elections and constitutional in its provisions for minority rights and rule by law.
What are delegates?
Elected representatives whose obligation is to act in accordance with the expressed wishes of the people they represent.
What is democracy?
A form of government in which the people govern, either directly or through elected representatives.
What are denials of power?
A constitutional means of limiting governmental actions by listing those powers that the government is expressly prohibited from using.
What is electoral colleges?
An uniffical term that refers to the electors who cast the states' electoral votes.
What is electoral votes?
The method of voting that isused to choose the U.S. president.
What are federalists?
A term used to describe supporters for the constitution during the debate over ratification.
What are grants of power?
The method of limiting the U.S. government by confining its scope of authority to those powers expressly granted in the Constitution.
What is the great compromise?
The agreement of the constitutional convention to create a two-chamber congress with the house apportioned equally by state.
What are inalienable (natural) rights?
Those rights that persons theoretically possessed in the state of nature, prior to the formation of governments.
What is judicial review?
The power of courts to decide whether a governmental institution has acted within its constitutional powers and, if not, to declare it action null and void.
What are anti-federlists?
A term used to describe opponents of the constitution during the debate over ratification.
What is the bill of rights?
The first ten amendments to the constitution.
What is the system of checks and balances?
The elaborate system of divided spheres of authority provided by the U.S. Constitution as a means of controlling the power of government.
What is the constitution?
The fundamental law that defines how a government will legitimately operate.
What is constitutional democracy?
A government that is democratic in its provisions for majority influence through elections and constitutional in its provisions for minority rights and rule by law.
What are delegates?
Elected representatives whose obligation is to act in accordance with the expressed wishes of the people they represent.
What is democracy?
A form of government in which the people govern, either directly or through elected representatives.
What are denials of power?
A constitutional means of limiting governmental actions by listing those powers that the government is expressly prohibited from using.
What is electoral colleges?
An uniffical term that refers to the electors who cast the states' electoral votes.
What is electoral votes?
The method of voting that isused to choose the U.S. president.
What are federalists?
A term used to describe supporters for the constitution during the debate over ratification.
What are grants of power?
The method of limiting the U.S. government by confining its scope of authority to those powers expressly granted in the Constitution.
What is the great compromise?
The agreement of the constitutional convention to create a two-chamber congress with the house apportioned equally by state.
What are inalienable (natural) rights?
Those rights that persons theoretically possessed in the state of nature, prior to the formation of governments.
What is judicial review?
The power of courts to decide whether a governmental institution has acted within its constitutional powers and, if not, to declare it action null and void.
What is limited government?
A government that is subject to strict limits on its lawful use of powers and hence on its ability to deprive people of their liberty.
What is the New Jersey (small-state) Plan?
A constitutional proposal for a strengthened congress but one in which each state would have a singe vote, thus granting a small state the same legislative power as a larger state.
What is the North-South Compromise?
The agreement over ecnomic and slavery issues thata enables northern and southern states to settle differrences that threatened to defeat the effort to draft a new constitution.
What is primary election?
A form of election in which voters choose a party's nominees for public office.
What is representative democracy?
A system in which the people participate in the decision-making porcess of gvernment not directly but indirectly, through the election of officials to represent their interests.
What is republic?
Historically, the form of government in which repreesntative officials met to decide on policy issues.
What is self-government?
The principle that the people are the ultimate source and proper beneficiary of governing authority.
What are separated institutions sharing power?
The principle that, as a way to limit government, its powers should be divided among separate branches, each of which also shares in the power of the others as a means of checking and balancing them.
What is separation of powers?
The division of the powers of givernment among separate institutions or branches.
What are trustees?
Elected representatives whose obligation is to act in sccordance with their own conscience as to what politics are in the best interests of the public.
What is tyranny of the majority?
The potential of a majority to monopolize power for its own gain and to the detriment of minority rights and interests.
What is the Virginia (large0state) Plan?
A constitutional proposal for a strong congress with two chambers, both of which would be based on numerical representation, thus granting more power to the larger states.