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47 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is collective action?
The pooling of resources and coordination of effort and activity by a (often large) group of people to achieve common goals.
Why do the ruled of the Constitution still survive today?
Many people like them and of those who do not have not come up with a better alternative.
What did the Declaration of Indapendence not do?
Propose and alternate form of government, it was just cutting Britain's power off of the United States.
What were the Articles of Confederation?
US used these from 1781-1787, first writen constitution, gave limited power to central government, confederation of equal states (fed gov had no control over states, states would compete w/ eachother over international trade), states retained individual sovereignty.
What was the Articles of confederations' weaknesses?
No executive president, no federal judicary (if states had conflicts there was nothing you caould do), Unrestrained economic and political competition among states (hindered national growth), inability to raise revenue, inability to regulate commerce.
What is the Constitution?
A statement of shared principles, describes a framework for governance at the federal lever, defines relations between federal and stave governments, defines limits on government, it is purposfully vague so more people select it (state constitutions are much longer and in more detail).
Why does the constitution survive?
No laws enforce themselves so the people as a mass have to, its nothing more than a piece of paper and only survives becuase people support it.
How had Negotiation helped devlope our nations policies?
The constitution, all amendments and almost every law are products of negotiation.
What were the goals of the Contitutional Convention?
To break the power of the insurgents, to establish a government more compatible with long-term economic and political interests, and to promote commerce and protect peoperty from radical legislatures.
What was the great compromise?
Also known as theConnecticut Compromise, it was the combinations of the Virgina Plan and New Jersey plan which led to the house and senate (creation of both houses of congress).
What was the virgina plan?
People wanted representaion in government to be balanced based upon the population of eeach state.
What was the New Jersey Plan?
People wanted representaion in government to be balanced equally for each state.
What was the Three-Fifth compromise?
It was the slave vs. non-slave states arguging on whether or not slaves should be counted as citizens for representation and the conclusion was that each slave was worth 3/5 of a person.
What is article 1 about?
Congress or legislative powers.
What is article 1 section 2 about?
The House
What is article 1 section 3 about?
The Senate
What is artcile 1 section 7 about?
Law-making
What does article 1 section 2 clause 2 say?
You have to be 25 years old, a citizen for 7 years and live in the state that you represent if you want to be a representitive.
What does article 1 section 2 clause 3 say?
The number of reps and the amount of taxes will be issues based upon the number of free citizens in each state, with the exception of taxes on indians, and 3/5 of all other persons.
What does artile 1 section 2 clause 5 say?
the house of representitives shall choose thier speaker and their officers.
What does article 1 section 3 clause 2 say?
The senate will be divided into three classes (like graduating class of 2005) so a each thisrd is elected at different times.
What does article 1 section 3 clause 3 say?
you have to be 30 years old, and a citizen for 9 years to be a senator.
What is article 1 section 3 clause 6 about?
Senate tries all impeachments when the president is tried, the chief justice shal preside and must get a 2/3 vote of members present to convict.
What is article 1 section 3 clause 7 about?
Judgement in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than the removal of office and disqualification for any other office or privilage but after can be tried and punished under the normal law.
What is article 1 section 7 clause 1 about?
All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the house of Reps but the senate may propose or comcure w/ amendments as on other bills.
what is article 1 section 7 clause 2 about?
Every bill once passed in congress must be presented to the president.
What is article 1 section 8 about?
congress has power to tax, borrow money, regulate commerce, establish uniform laws on bankruptcies, coin money, regulate the value of and fix the stamdard of weights and measures, establish posts offices and poast roads, and promote progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times for authoized inventors.
What do you need to know about amendments?
Out of 10,000 proposed only 27 passed.
What does article 5 of the constitution describe?
The amendment process
What do you need for an amendment?
2/3 of congress to accept an amendment or 3/4 of state legislatures. additionally congress can call for a national convention to consider amendments.
What is an agenda?
an order of voting
How can majority rule be affected by agendas?
depending on how the agends is set will determine the outcome so whoever controls the agends controlls the outcome.
What do supermajorities do?
protect minorities but can also prevent change.
What does federalism do?
it puts different levels of government against eachother
What is sperations of powers?
puts each brach (legislative, judicial, and executive) against one another.
What is federalism?
a system of government in which power is divided by a constitution between central (federal) and regional (state) governments.
What was McCulloch V Maryland about and what was the result?
It was questioning if congress could charter a bank: yes, marshall said that the constitution gave congress
"implied" power to regulate commerce.
What was the governement like after the depression?
government took on a bigger role.
What is the full faith and credit clause?
It is in article 6 section 1 and says that each state must honor public acts and judicial precedings that take place in any other state. (if you get married in one state you are married in all of the states)
How does the legislative branch have power over the Executive branch?
congress can overide a presidents veto.
how does the executive branch have power over the legislative branch?
the president can veto a bill from congress.
How does the executive branch have power over the judicial branch?
president nominates judges
What is a divided government?
when the presidency is controlled by one party and one or both of the houses is controlled by the other party.
How are each of the chambers (house and senate) different?
In the house the majority decides, leadership is strong, and there is more partisan, less willing to compromise and the senate is the complete opposite.
What is the house rules committee?
It is the most powerful committee that determines a rule for every bill, when debate will be scheduled and for how long, what amendments will be in order and whether there will be open rule (you can amend the bill in any way) or closed rule (no amendments allowed).
How do the committee chairs get selected?
All committee chairs are from the majority party.
What are the roles of political parties?
First, the constitution says nothing about parties. Partisanship (which is majority, reps or demos?) is a key factor in determining what congress does especially in the house. They effect the distribution of power. Party leaders maintain dicipline via committee assignments, controll of floor debate, and the whip system.