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39 Cards in this Set

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liberty, equality, self-gov't, individualism, diversity, and unity
Core ideals of american political culture are ____,____,____,____,____,____.
Liberty
the principle that individuals should be free to act and think as they choose, provided they don't infringe unreasonbly on the freedom and well-being of others.
Classical liberalism
Liberal
Identity Politics
Authoritarian Gov't
What are the 4 limitations?
Classical liberalism
Competition
Privacy
Private property
Limited gov't
Limited majority
Liberal
Capitalism
Market
Profit
Competition
Identity politics
need common values
citizenship values
Authoritarian gov't
A form of gov't in which leaders, though they admit to no limits on their powers, are effectivilty limited by other centers of power in society.
Self-Gov't
The belief that all individuals are equal in their moral worth and are entitled to equal treatment under the law.
Equality
The belief that the people are the ultimate source of governing authority and must have a voice in how they are governed.
Classical liberalism
Liberty
Freedom
Self-gov't
John Locke
founding members of enlightment period of classical liberalism
Feudalism
strong beaucratic gov't
based on people who owned land, governed land (upper class)
determined religion
Renaissance
Humanism/Reformation
rebirth of city
civilization
middle class takes over
Gutenburg
Martin Luther
Humanism
believe in reason and that decides their fate. Try to be perfect.
Upper class didn't this.
Gutenburg
printed the bible
Renaissance
Upper class runs the church and understand the bible. Therefore, middle and lower class don't have the knowledge to understand. SO, upper class makes up a lie and says that you must listen to them.
Martin Luther
followers
wants more individualism
thinks church is more corrupt
breaks away from the church and forms a Protestant church.
Authority
The recognized right of an individual, organization, or intitution to make binding decisions.
Autocracy
Government by a single person having unlimited power
Bureacratic rule
Holds that policy is controlled by well-placed administrators within the gov't bureacracy
Capitalism
An economic system in which the means of production and distribution are privately or corporately owned and development is proportionate to the accumulation and reinvestment of profits gained in a free market.
Communism
gov't owns most or all major industries and also takses responsibility for overall management of the economy, including production quotas, supply points, and pricing.
Constitutionalism
Government in which power is distributed and limited by a system of laws that must be obeyed by the rulers.
Democracy
form of gov't in which the people govern, either directly or through elected representatives.
Diversity
individual and group differences should be respected and that these differences acknowledgement are themselves a source of strength.
Elitism
Holds that policy is controlled by a small number of well-positioned,highly influencial individuals.
Individualism
Belief in the primary importance of the individual and in the virtues of self-reliance and personal independence.
Oligarchy
Government by a few, especially by a small faction of persons or families.
Majoritarianism
Gov't by the people
the notion that the majority prevails not only in the counting of votes but also in the determination of public policy.
Pluralism
Focuses on group activity and holds that policies effectively are decided through power wielded by diverse interests.
Political culture
refers to the characteristic and deep-seated beliefs of a particular people about gov't and politics.
Political system
The various components of American gov't. The parts are separate, but they connect with each other, affecting how each performs.
Politics
The process through which society makes its governing decisions.
Power
The ability of persons or institutions to control policy.
Public policy
A decision of gov't to pursue a course of action designed to produce an intended outcome.
Social contract
A voluntary agreement by individuals to form a gov't, which is then obligated to act within the confines of that argeement.
Socialism
An economic system in which gov't owns and contols many of the major industries.
Totalitarian gov't
A form of gov't in which the leaders claim complete dominance of all individuals and institutions.
Unity
The principle that americans are one people and form an indivisible union.