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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
selective perception
the tendency to screen out information that contradicts one's beliefs
multiple-issue groups
involved with a board range of issues
direct primary
an election in which voters directly choose a party's candidates for office
a network of interest groups with similar concerns that combine forces to pursue a common goal; may be shortlived or permanent
setting the agenda
influencing the process by which problems concidered important and alturnative policies proposed
public interest groups
interest groups that chiefly pursue benefits that cannot be limited or restricted to their members
interest groups
organizations that try to achieve at least some of their goals with government assistance
the efforts of interent froups to influence government
independence of parties
single-issue groups
interest groups that pursue a single public interest goal and are characteristically reluctant to compromise
one person is elected from a district or state, the person who recieves the most votes
political action committee
a committee established by corporation, labor union, or interest group that raises money and contributes it to a political campaign
closed primary
a primary election where participation is limited to those who are registered with a party or declare a prefrence for a party
political machine
the machine relied on the votes of the lower classes and, in exchange, provided jobs, and other services
a system in which elected officials appoint their supporters to administrative jobs; used by political machines to maintain themselves power
divided government
the situation when one political party controls the presidency and the other party controls one or both houses of congress
commercial bias
a slant in news coverage to please or avoid offending advertisers
symbiotic relationship
a relationship in which the parties use each other for mutual advantage
sound bite
a few key words or phrase included in a speech with the intent that television editors will use the phrase in a brief clip on the news
private interest groups
seek economic benefits for their members or clients
game oriantation
the assumption in political reporting that politics is a game and that politicians are the players; leads to an emphasis on strategy at the expense of substance in news stories
the transition from one stable party system to another, as occurred when the New Deal coalition was formed
two-party system
only two parties compete effectively for presidency
political party
to nominate and elect canididates to office
the right to vote
open primary
a primary election that is not limited to members of a particular party; a voter may vote in either party's primary
New Deal coalition
the broadly based coalition of southern consercatives, northern liberals, and ethnic and religious minorites that sustained the Democratic Party for some 40 years
adversarial relationship
a relationship in which the parties are constantly in conflict with each other
media events
an event, usually consisting of a speech and a photo opportunity, that is staged for television and is intended to convey a particular impression of a politician's position on a issue
to obtain information before another reporter; also the information so obtained
media malaise
a feeling of cyniciam and distrust toward government and officials that is fostered by media coverage of politics
ticket splitting
voting for a member of one party for a high-level office and a member of another party for a different high-level office
fireside charts
short radio addresses given by president Franklin D. Roosevelt to win support for his policies and reassure the public during the Great Depression
presidentail press conference
a meeting at which the president answers questions from reporters
horserace journalism
knew where candidites ran in race but not where they stood on issures
political bias
a preference for candidates of particular parties or for certain stands on issues that affects a journalist's reporting
disclosures of information that some government officials want kept secert
television news stories that, without any sacrifice of probity or responsibility, display the attributes of fiction, of drama