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45 Cards in this Set

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Polyarchy
Created by Dahl
Democracy= contestation + participation
NORMATIVE ISSUES
THE WAY THINGS SHOULD BE
POSITIVE THEORY
WHY THINGS ARE THE WAY THEY ARE
PROPERTIES OF CATEGORIZATION
NEEDS INCLUSIVITY AND EXCLUSIVITY
INCLUSIVENESS
EVERYTHING CAN GO SOME WHERE
EXCLUSIVENESS
NOTHING CAN GO IN MORE THAN ONE PLACE
LAW
CORRELATION BETWEEN TWO THINGS
THEORY
EXPLAINS LAWS, THE WHY
DEFINITION OF POLITICS
THE AUTHORITIVE ALLOCATION OF VALUES
ECONOMICS
VOLUNTARY ALLOCATION OF GOODS AND SERVICES
AUTHORITATIVE
POWER AND LEGITIMACY
ALLOCATION
PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION
PROPERTIES OF RATIONAL-CHOICE THEORY
COMPARABILITY (COMPLETENESS) AND TRANSITIVITY
CAUSES OF COLLECTIVE ACTION PROBLEM
PUBLIC VS. PRIVATE GOODS=owner can't deny access, goods never run out
FREE RIDING= no one else will do it, cheat
UNDERPROVISION= we don't see the benefits
SOLUTION TO THE COLLECTIVE ACTION PROBLEM
SELECTIVE INCENTIVES
SMALL GROUPS
STEP GOODS
SOCIAL INCENTIVES
HOMOGENEITY
PROPERTIES OF RATIONAL CHOICE
COMPARABILITY (COMPLETENESS)
TRANSITIVITY
GOAL OF RATIONAL CHOICE
MAXIMIZE BENEFIT OVER COST
DEFINE CULTURE
SHARED SETS OF MEANINGS
DEFINE VERSTEHEN
UNDERSTANDING THE STATE OF MIND OF THE INDIVIDAL BEING STUDIED
LIVING WITH AN INDIGENOUS TRIBE
DEFINE INTERSUBJECTIVE
HOLDING THE SAME MEANINGS AS OTHERS
DEFINE SOCIAL ACTION
BEHAVIOR THAT TAKES OTHER PEOPLE INTO ACCOUNT
EXAMPLES OF SOCIAL ACTION
RITUALS
RULE FOLLOWING
DRAMA
DEFINE INSTITUTION
STRUCTURAL FACTORS DETERMINING OPPORTUNITES AND CONSTRAINTS
(MACRO)
DEFINE MACRO
CANNOT BE CHANGED BY AN INDIVIDUAL
3 TYPES OF INSTITUTIONS
PATTERNS OF BEHAVIOR
NORMS
RULES
COMPONENTS OF POLITICAL STRATEGY
UNDERSTAND INSTITUTIONS AND VETO PLAYERS

STRATEGIZE=USE RESOURCES, MIX TACTICS, COMMUNICATION
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PARLIMENTARY AND PRESIDENTIAL GOVERNMENT
WHO IS CHIEF EXECUTIVE?
HEAD OF STATE OR HEAD OF LEGISLATURE
DEFINE CABINET
THE SET OF DIRECTORS OF EXECUTIVE AGENCIES
DEFINE PERSONAL VOTE
VOTING FOR A CANIDATE BASED ON QUALIFICATIONS OR PERSONALITY, NOT PARTY LABEL
TWO PARTIES
MAJORITARIAN
2 OR MORE PARTIES
CONSENSUAL
HIGH PARTY DISCIPLINE
MAJORITARIAN
LOW PARTY DISCIPLINE
CONSENSUAL
UNICAMERAL
MAJORITARIAN
BICAMERAL
CONSENSUAL
UNITARY
MAJORITARIAN
FEDERAL
CONSENSUAL
WEAK COMMITTEES
MAJORITARIAN
STRONG COMMITTEES
CONSENUAL
BENEFIT OF MAJORITARIAN
EFFICIENT
BENEFIT OF CONSENSUAL
FULL REPRESENTATION
WHY IS THE UK'S CONSTITUTION UNIQUE?
NO FORMAL WRITTEN DOCUMENT
COMMON LAW
TRIAL BY JURY
IMPORTANCE OF PRECEDENCE
SIMPLE CODE OF LAWS
SLOW, BUT SAFE
CIVIL LAW
TRIAL BY JUDGE
NO USE OF PRECEDENCE
DETAILED CODE OF LAWS
SPEEDY, BUT RISKY-HIGHER CHANCE OF CORRUPTION
JUDICIAL REVIEW
ARE LAWS CONSTITUTIONAL
ABSTRACT AND CONCRETE