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146 Cards in this Set

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When you are raised on the flop but the turn card appears to be helpless,
it is often best to lead out again. This avoids giving a free card and help you judge where you stand in the hand.
Sometimes it is wrong to make a bet with slight negative expectation
if there is a chance it will give your opponent to make a larger mistake. Ex: fold a better hand etc.
When you hit a hand vs an aggressive player
sometimes it is better to go bet-3 bet
Player profiling points
1) Do they like to raise with a draw? 2)Check-raise or bet medium, good, great hands from 3)Slowplay good hands until turn or river? 4)Do they understand the game? 5)What Level of thinking are they on?
Levels of thinking
1)What do I have? 2)What do they have? 3)What do they think I have? 4)What do they think I think they have?
What concept is involved with changing you play from the optimum for deception
when you change your play from the optimum, do not give up too much EV on this hand relative to possible EV you might receive on future hands. The best time to do it is situations where there is not a big difference in edge no matter how you play.
When will a player play more aggressively or looser?
When a player has few chips left, they may be looking to get even. Thinking: After they have lost so much, any extra loss does not make a difference. Be more inclined to bet small EV situations and call down more.
When will a player play tighter than usual?
1) When they have rallied to a break-even point from a loss. They are now cognizant of this break even point and is more risk-averse than normal. 2)When a player has made a decent win and is about to leave, with a nice win, he doesn’t want to give his winnings back.
If you flop a strong hand and there is more than one high card on the board
be more inclined to play strongly on the flop since they might pay you off with high pairs.
When you are leading the betting vs an aggressive player
look for opportunities to CR them.
Unknown cards on flop and turn
47 and 46
You have a top pair, top kicker hand, AQ on a high-low-low rainbow flop like Q-6-2, how many outs does an your opponent have vs you?
AA has 43 to 2, JJ has 40 to 5, QT has 3 to 42, QJ has 6 to 39, 98 has 8 to 37
If you are playing vs more than one opponent-outs-
you have to consider them as a group, if their outs overlap you may be better off than heads-up, depending on the cards they hold. However they often have non-overlapping outs so they have more.
You have Ako, the board is Q872 rainbow how many outs do you have?
Vs pair other than AA, KK you have 6 outs. Vs pair with A or K kicker you have 3 outs.
You have A9o, board is KT22 rainbow, how many outs do you have?
Vs QJ 3 outs, you’re a is a straight for them. Vs K 3 outs. Vs 33 to 88 you have 6 outs.
JhTh vs AcKd board is Kh8s6h4s how many outs?
9 to 35- all hearts are outs.
JhTh vs KdKs board is KhQs7c3d how many outs?
8 to 36- all aces and all nines
AsAd vs KsQs board is KcQcJs7s how many outs?
10 to 34- Ah, all J’s, Tc,Th,Td, 7h,7d
Ts9s vs AsKs board is QsJsTc9c how many outs?
5 to 39- 8s, Th, Td, 9h, 9d
When you have two draws and you are counting your outs
remember to count each card once- eg. Straight draw+flush draw= 17 outs – 2 outs in common
When you have a straight draw
look on the board for a flush draw, may reduce your outs from 8 to 6 or 4 to 3.
Counting overcard outs
you have to consider what kind of hand your opponent has, if they have a pair with your one of your overcards counterfeited, you have 3 outs instead of 6 so if there is this possibility go with 4 outs instead of 6.
Counting outs with a split pair vs a higher split pair ie you have ATo vs J-T-3 rainbow
you have 5 outs vs Jx unless its JA, then you have 2 outs. If he has JT you have 3 outs.
You have AsTs on Ks-9s-7c-2h
you have 9 flush outs, if he has a pair without an A or T kicker, you may have 6 more outs. If he has KQ, you have 3 extra outs. If he has AK, no extra outs. Vs 98, you have 6 extra outs.
Overcard outs that go along with a flush or straight
as a rule assume that half of your overcard outs are good, since pairing your overcards may or may not give you the best hand. The betting of the hand will give you more info: if betting has been strong from the beginning, they might be worth no outs. With more players still in, the number of outs decreases.
QcJs vs KhtcTd
you could be drawing dead or get redrawn, so assume you have fewer outs. As a rule, subtract one out from your straight, giving you 7 outs.
JsTc vs QsJc9h3d
if you are behind to split Q’s you could have as many as 13 outs ( 8 for the straight, two J’s and three T’s). But you may be ahead if you opponent has T9, in which he has 2 outs to beat you and 8 to push. He could already have a straight with KT, in which case I have 3 outs to push.
You have AA, he has JT, flop is J-T-3 rainbow
his outs are 3 J’s and two T’s for a total of 5 outs. If the turn pairs the board with a card he doesn’t have, his outs drop to two, the two T’s.
You have AA, he has JT, board is T-6-3-6-J
It may be difficult to tell if your opponents outs were reduced by the pairing of the board on the turn, or if he caught 3 of a kind. Think about the pre-flop action. Players are more likely to play a T than a 6 , so trip 6’s are unlikely, but possible. You would not expect a good player to play a 6 unless its from a blind or a stealing position. Except maybe A6s or 76s.
Runner-runner flush draws
highest possible- 2 outs, 2nd or 3rd highest- 1.5 outs, All others- 1 out.
Runner-runner straight where you need one perfect card then one of two cards- JT on K-T-3
1 out.
Runner-runner straight with many options- T9 on J-T-6 rainbow
1 out.
Why is KQ better with a flop of J-8-3 than AK?
You are more likely to be counterfeited with an A. If your opponent made a split pair on the flop you are more likely to have 6 outs with KQ.
4 to 1 %
20
5 to 1 %
16.7
6 to 1 %
14.3
7 to 1 %
12.5
8 to 1 %
11.1
9 to 1 %
10
10 to 1%
9.1
7 to 2%
22.2
9 to 2%
18.2
DIPO: AsKs flop Qd8s3c turn 2h you are sure you opponent has a pair, possibly with an A or K kicker, EPS 7 bets
if both your overcards are good you have 6 outs. If one is counterfeited, you have 3 outs. If he is semibluffing an oesd or overcards, you are ahead and have a ton of outs. give yourself 5 outs, depending on the opponent, and flop betting. Dipo (7 x 5) < (46- 5), but with an EPS of 9 bets it is a call. Or with 6 outs.
You are in the cutoff with AsKs, Qs7c3d2d, player betting into you has tp and ok to good kicker, what are the combinations
AQ, KQ, QJ, QT, or a set. given that you have AK and there is a Q on the board, there are 3 A’s left and 3 Q’s unaccounted for so there are 9 ways for him to have AQ. With KQ there are 3 kings and 3 queens left so 9 combos. With QJ or QT there are 12 ways each (3x4), for a set you need 77 or 33 (3 ways each). 3+3+12+12+9+9= 48 combos 6/48= 12% chance of a set, 50% chance of QJ/QT, 38% chance of KQ
When using DIPO on the turn
look at the Turn/River dynamic. Consider the additional bets you expect to win on the river if you hit your hand, and consider the outs and non-outs with one card left to come.
When using DIPO on the Flop
look at the Flop/Turn dynamic. Consider the additional bets you expect to win on the turn if you make your hand, and consider the outs and non-outs with two cards left to come.
Issues to consider using DIPO on the FLOP
Be careful when you count the number of outs, consider redraws and lean to the conservative side. Do not go further than the turn. Think in terms of small bets on the flop.
Thinking about a free card play on the flop
if there is a chance you opponent will fold on the flop, there is added value in raising for a free card. If not, it changes the amount you will win or lose, ie you win one extra small bet. Consider how your opponent will respond. If they are passive, the free-card play is always good. If they might three-bet the flop of bet into you on the turn, it isn’t as good. The EV of the play depends on the strength of the draw vs the chance that the EP player will bet into you on the turn or 3 bet the flop with a better hand.
Counter-strategies for free-card play
if there is a draw on the flop and you think they might be making the Free card play, consider 3 betting the flop. If they check on the turn, bet into them, consider a river bluff, or inducing a river bluff, if the draw does not get there.
How to handle free-card raisers
if they are taking their free card on the turn, then bet the turn more often when the draw doesn’t hit. If they are continuing their semi-bluff on the turn, then check-raise the turn.
Straight-draw Freecard raises
same benefits as a flush + the added benefit of deception because they are more difficult to read. Consider doing this with a flush draw on the flop, then a turn flush card may scare them.
Overcard Free Card Raises
2 situations: 1) when there is a chance you can win the pot. Not very often this happens. 2) When the pot is big, a freecard raise here has value.
Bluffing in the context of recent plays
seek balance when you bluff: Bluff the amount that causes you opponents to think you are not bluffing when you are so they are more likely to fold.
Bluffing from LP on the flop
One high card and two low cards is a good opportunity, Q-3-2, etc. There are fewer overcards, K9 and A8 think they have one overcard. Players with JT think they have no overcards. Non calling station players that call are likely to have a straight draw such as 54, A5, A4, so keep betting if no more low cards or A come.
Bluffing on the turn with a ragged board
If you are in one of the blinds you can represent a hand more easily on a ragged board.
Inducing a bluff on the River with a check on the Turn when you are last to act
Necessary circumstances: 1. Headsup 2. Opponent checked 3.Not sure if ahead or behind 4.Opponent is aggressive so he will bet the river 5.Will call a better hand to a bet but will fold a worse hand. 6.There are few free cards possible
Inducing a bluff on the River when you act first
You believe your opponent has missed, and he is aggressive to bluff when you check. The more passive they are the more you should bet.
Semi bluff theory
whether to semi-bluff is a function of the chance your opponent will fold, pot size, and # of outs. Each situation has a break even point that is the % of the time your opponent needs to fold to make calling the same EV as semi-bluff raising. If pot size is larger, the break-even point is lower and you can semi-bluff more. If you have more outs, the break-even point is lower and you can semi-bluff more.
Situation necessary for a Free-Showdown raise
1)you have a chance to win a showdown 2)if you are behind, you have outs 3)there is a chance you opponent will fold 4)There is not a very good chance he will 3 bet the turn
If a dangerous card comes and you opponent was either betting or semi-bluffing
then he may already have a hand, If he wasn’t semi-bluffing, and if he was semi-bluffing, he may have hit his hand.
Another dangerous card you may encounter shorthanded is
a turn or river card that is right in the middle of a possible straight draw. Ex: in a flop of J-7-3, a T,9, or 8 are all dangerous cards. Any straight draw has made a straight or is already has a better pair.
Raise for free card advantages vs disadvantages
you reduce your losses and increase your wins/ if your opponent uses counter strategies, you could lose more bets
Bluff advantages vs disadvantages
you steal a pot/ you may get called and lose an extra bet
Semi-bluff advantages vs disadvantages
you may steal a pot, and have a chance to win a showdown/ you may get called and lose an extra bet
Slowplay advantages vs disadvantages
players who would have folded might call later/ you may miss a bet or give a free card
Check-raise advantages vs disadvantages
you get more money into the pot. You force multiple players to fold/ you give a free card, if someone else is ahead you lose more
Raise for free card against who?
good vs passive to average/bad vs aggressive
Bluff vs who?
if its good is more situationally dependent/ bad vs calling stations
Semi-bluff vs who?
if its good is more situationally dependent/ bad vs calling stations
Slowplays vs who?
Good vs aggressive players/ bad vs calling stations
Check raise vs who?
Good vs aggressive players/ bad vs passive players
Flop analysis
analyze what the flop means for your hand, analyze what the flop means for your opponents hand, analyze what your opponents may think about your hand
Opponent drawing hands on the flop
2 or fewer gaps means an open ended straight is possible. A 3 gap means a gutshot is possible.
What are oesd hands possible with a flop of Q-J-3/Q-T-3/Q-9-3/Q-9-7
KT,T9/KJ,J9/JT/JT,T8,86
Check-raising the flop
check-raising the flop is often a good choice because the pf raiser is more likely to bet here than any other round
Getting raised on the turn means
1)has a better hand 2)is raising for a free showdown 3)is semi-bluffing with a worse hand, but has outs 4)Is bluffing 5)Has a worse hand without realizing it
Large Pots on the turn
It is important to charge draws a lot to see the river since they will fold their missed draws on the river. Don’t try check-raises and other fancy plays since 1) people are more likely to call in a big pot 2)if you give a free card in a big pot it is a worse mistake.
Signs your opponent might be weak on the river
1) A straightforward late-position player checked on the turn. 2)There is a draw on the board as well as an A. You have been betting all along. He may be on a draw and afraid of the A. 3)They used a free-card raise, checked the turn, and no draws came in.
You are first to act on the river and have a very strong hand, CR if
your opponent will bet and call your raise more than half as often as he will call you when you bet.
You are first to act on the river and have a very strong hand, come out betting if
you don’t think a CR will work often enough to be profitable or if you think you can bet-3 bet.
You are first to act on the river and have a bad hand
bluff if you can get away with it often enough for the play to have positive expectation.
You are first to act on the river and have a hand that is a favorite to win if called but not strong enough for you to try a CR
Bet if your opponent will call with more hands than he will bet with if you check. Check/Call if your opponent will bet with more hands than he will call with.
You are first to act and have a hand that is a small underdog to win when your bet is called and he will call with more hands than he will bet
Bet, as long as some of the hands he would have bet, had you checked, would be worse than yours.
You are first to act and have a hand that is a small underdog to win when your bet is called, check/call if
you think your opponent will check behind you with a significant number of hands better than yours but might still bluff with some hands you beat.
You are first to act and have a hand that is a small underdog to win when your bet is called, and he will bet with more hands than he will call with
check/call as long as your pot odds make it worth calling when he bets
Obvious examples of semibluff situations
inside straight draw, second or third pair with overcard kicker
You might not want to semi bluff in last position because
you might get check-raised, this is dependent on who you are playing against
A pair plus a flush draw/oesd is usually
enough potential, along with the possibility that all your opponents may fold, or will make your pair more likely to win, to make a semi-bluff correct.
A flush draw/oesd should be semi-bluffed if
there is a decent chance, not just a possibility, that all your opponents will fold.
When you want to make a semi-bluff bet with a weaker draw such as bottom pair with an overcard kicker
consider whether the flop texture is likely to give people draws ie Ac2c vs Q-5-2 rainbow, instead of Ac7c vs J-8-7 rainbow. Or if the flop comes two suited be less inclined to semi-bluff, especially vs many opponents. Also consider if the flop is likely to have overcards: Q-6-3 vs 10-6-3.
When you are bet into or raised on the flop when you have overcards
consider if your chance of winning if you hit one of your overcards and you pot oddsbe more inclined to play a flop without cards in succession, since they are more likely to make two pair. Be less inclined to play with KQ than AK, since more people play Ax than Kx.
When you decide not to bet, CR, or fold on the flop, checking/calling is ok on the flop ?
1)You are slowplaying 2)Your sure your opponent has a better hand and will not fold if you bet, but pot odds justify calling in the hope that YHIG or you outdraw your opponent 3)You are against a habitual bluffer
When you are a big favorite and want callers, but think everyone will fold if you bet, slowplaying might not be correct when
The next card might be a miracle card for someone else, but not likely to make anyone a second-best hand. Ex: a small flush
Two catastophies with free cards
1)Someone who would not have called you bet outdraws you >>worse than>>2)Giving a free card to someone who would have called your bet and he fails to outdraw you.
On the flop, your sure you do not have the best hand/little chance of improving to it and especially sure you will be called if you bet
check/ on the flop. This frequently occurs when you have several opponents and the board is three cards close to one another or two suited. Ex: 7-7 vs Q-9-3 with several opponents.
On the flop, when you think someone behind you will bet, for example you are in a short-handed pot and it is raised before the flop by an agg. Opponent
It is generally correct to check and raise if you think you are ahead. Occasionally CR and bet the turn with nothing.
When you decide to check the flop to slowplay, an important factor is
not just the strength of your hand, but the chance that the next card will make someone else a better hand.
If you have top pair below queens in an unraised pot
it is more probable for someone else to have top pair in an unraised pot when the top card is a jack or lower. But this only applies to players reasonable tight preflop.
Shorthanded, You raised preflop and a the flop comes all low cards
bet the flop to avoid giving someone with overcards lower than yours a free card. Consider betting any turn card vs tight players and maybe only high turn cards vs loose players.
Slowplaying criteria
1)your hand must be strong 2)You will probably chase everyone out by betting, but have a good chance of winning a large pot if you check. 3)The free card you are giving has good possibilities of making second-best hands. 4)The free card has little possibility of making a better hand for someone or even of giving him a draw to a better hand with sufficient pot odds to call. 5)The pot must not be very large.
You have J-J, flop comes Jc-6h-2d, analyze situation for slowplaying
an overcard can give someone else a second-best hand, however with many opponents someone else could pick up a flush or oesd straight draw on the turn. It becomes incorrect as the pot gets bigger or your opponents get looser(will call incorrectly on the flop), or more numerous.
When considering a checkraise, consider
are you sure someone will bet, who? vs your hand strength vs how bad is a free card? can an overcard hurt you? How big is the pot? How best to eliminate players? How aggro are your opponents/Is you hand good for 3 bets?
Criteria for inducing a bluff
1)Preferably vs one player 2)He needs to be capable of bluffing but also capable of folding if you bet, ie tough but aggressive 3)Giving a free card is not dangerous if his hand is worse than yours.
5 reasons to raise
1)Get more money in the pot 2)Drive players out 3)To bluff/semi-bluff 4)Get a free card 5)Gain information
The one time you can bluff-raise vs weak players is
when you think your opponent is bluffing, but your hand is even worse- ex- your flush didn’t get there but you are fairly sure you opponent is on a flush draw.
A situation for a bluff raise is
flop is checked around, turn does not bring an overcard or three to straight or flush, but you get a draw, and an aggressive EP player bets
Criteria for if someone folds to a raise
1)can they fold a big hand? 2)How likely is he semi-bluffing 3)How does he perceive you?
When there is no raise before the flop
play TIGHTER because more hands can be out
When you have two-pair or a set on the turn and a third suited card hits
it’s a good time for a free card play if you can safely fold to a raise (not very often)
If someone check-raises a lot on the flop, but they bet instead
they might be weak
Fearing reraises on flop vs turn vs river
many players wont reraise you on the river because they fear a slowplayed monster
Criteria for waiting to raise the river
1)he might be bluffing so he could fold if you raise 2)if he is behind he has few outs (usually 5 for middle pair if not sharing your kicker) 3)few players
Heads up, with a flush draw on the board, If an opponent bets his draws, crs his good hands, and check/calls his mediocre hands
then wait to raise the turn since if the draw comes you don’t have to raise, and he might bet his bad hands again on the turn to try to get you to fold. You get your raise in when he is a 4-1 shot instead of a 2-1 shot.
Headsup vs a players that bets/raises almost every time preflop, when you are defending your blind
call quite a bit, more than one out of three times, reraise one out of four t imes . Call with any pair, any ace, any two cards nine or higher, any one gap or no gap straight flush combo (except 42s, 32s), any little suited king not covered
Headsup vs a LAG player, when in small blind
play fewer hands but raise more often.
Headsup, your in BB, you raised preflop, on the flop
check the weakest 20% and best 20%, bet everything else.
Three-handed how much should you play
Big blind should play 70% as much as headsup. Small blind should play 40% as much as headsup.
Shorthanded, it is important to distinguish between players that
fire on the river when they are semi-bluffing, and those who wont. Most give up on the river, so they need to be raise a lot on fourth street.
If you are on the button with noone else in, in a game where the BB calls 100% of the time, raise how much
when your hand is in the top 40%, but you can just call on the button with marginal hand when they will call your raise anyway. Hands like: 22, 33, small suited connectors, or A6o. It is not worth raising unless there is a reasonable chance of stealing the blinds.
On the button, shorthanded, tight blinds, you just called with a mediocre hand like A6o, now what
it is more likely you can steal the pot if they both check on the flop, so always bet in this situation.
Shorthanded, if you are one off the button, should you ever just call with your marginal hands like A6o
no, just fold them unless you think there is a reasonable chance noone will call. You can limp with something like 98s.
Why not check-raise as much shorthanded?
it puts more money in the pot and ties your opponent to it psychologically. Since he is more likely to call shorthanded with nothing, it makes it harder to tell when to lead the turn.
Calling bets on the turn shorthanded, 3 things to realize
1)Since the betting limit doubles, your opponents bet on fourth street is getting poorer odds. 2)There is only one card to come. So you will only have one more street to win more bets as opposed to two. 3) Most opponents wont bet as often- it costs more and if you called the flop he is afraid you will call the turn.
Slowplaying on the flop
The more aggressive the player acting before you , the more vulnerable of hands you can check behind and wait to raise the turn. Against two opponents he needs to be more aggressive to make this right, but not so much against one.
Slowplaying hands shorthanded , which hands?
hands where you don’t know if you have the best hand or not, but if you have the worst hand, you will finish last, and if you have the best hand you will finish best. The hands you slowplay are the ones that retain their value the most compared to other hands
JcJd vs As8c4d/As8s4d, you bet and get raised
1)No legitimate draws so more chance someone has an A. You get raised less than board 2 but when you are raised you are more likely to be an underdog 2) With a possible flush draw on the flop, a raiser could be drawing to a flush, especially in last position, you likely have more outs with board 2 than board 1.
You have T9 vs a MP players pf raise. Flop comes 9 high and you check-raise with top pair. A comes on turn, what are different strategies.
1) check/call turn and check/fold river vs someone who will bluff the a turn but not the river. 2)Bet/fold the turn, check/fold the river vs someone who wont raise on a bluff.
Reading straight draws
K-J-5 rainbow, 9, 7
Reading straight draws
K-9-7 rainbow, J,5. T8 and 86 have straight draws and will call to the river. Would they have played these hands? QT will likely stay in on the flop with a gutshot and two cards higher than middle pair. Would they fold it?
Reading straights, J-7-5-K-9
less likely to see Q-T calling, would they call the flop with it? They would definitely call the turn. 86 has an OESD on the flop. T8 has a gutshot, would they call the flop?
Straight draws, flop is K-Q-x
5 straight draws: AJ, AT,JT, J9, T9
Straight draws, flop is Q-J-x
7 straight draws: AK, AT, KT, K9, T9, T8, 98
Straight draws, flop is J-T-x
9 straight draws: AK, AQ, KQ, K9, Q9, Q8, 98, 97, 87
Straight draws, flop is 10-9-x
9 straight draws: KQ, KJ, QJ, Q8, J8, J7, 87, 86, 76
You have Kqo raise pf, opp calls, flop is K-8-3 rainbow, you bet, opp calls, turn A
check the turn vs a better player and bet vs a calling station. Check vs an opponent who will fold a pair of 8s if you bet, bet vs someone who will call with 8s.
If you have mp and the turn or river card pairs the top card
be happy since if you were ahead, you still are
You have AT, flop Q-T-3 rainbow, you bet and get raised, how many outs for each of his possible hands
Top pair with queen- 40 outs, middle pair with T-3 outs, bottom pair with 3-5 outs, oesd with KJ, J9- 13 or 11 outs. Gutshot with AJ, K9, 98- 7 outs. If he would raise with all these hands you are likely the favorite
Jto in the small blind
don’t call raises
Betting vs inducing a bluff on the turn
you don’t want to give a free card if there are a lot of outs: ie the board in four in a row or 3 suited, especially since people with draws will call.
Using the option of calling/checking shorthanded
if your opponent has little, you may win an extra bet, whereas if you bet on the turn he may fold. If you are way behind, your check gives you a chance to improve.
Shorthanded, when should you fold to a raise from a lp player
As6s vs KQ4 rainbow, 3 players on the flop. Your ace completes a straight and they couldn’t both be on a draw.
Shorthanded, when should you fold to a single bet on the flop after getting raised pf
you have Js-9s, you get 3 bet, flop is Ac-3d-3s. You are beat either by an ace or a pp.
When you are first to act in a shorthanded (3 or so ) game
lead out on the flop with both good and bad hands. Bet anytime you have a pair or a draw.
What are the differences between K-J-5-9-7 and K-9-7-J-5?
Board 2 has a greater variety of straights that would go all the way to showdown.
Why is giving free cards less dangerous in shorthanded games?
1) pot is usually smaller 2)opponent is more likely to have started with a lesser hand 3)your show of weakness is more likely to induce a bluff
Vs an aggressive opponent who will fire 3 barrels on a semi-bluff,
it is better to call down a mediocre hand (tpwk) than raise now.