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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Narrator
the person telling the story
Genres
separate categories delineated by distinct style, form, and content
Internal Rhyme
Rhymes may also occasionally be found in the interior of
lines
Italian Sonnet/Petrarchan Sonnet
the original form of the sonnet is called
this
Limerick
Two five-line fixed forms
Fixed forms
are patterns that encompass a complete poem
Blank Verse
consists of individual lines of iambic pentameter that do not
rhyme
Tanka
which adds two additional seven-syllable lines to a haiku
Couplets
Paired rhyming lines (aabbcc)
Haiku
a Japanese import consisting of lines of five, seven, and five
syllables
Terza Rima
Iambic Pentameter tercets rhyming aba bcb cdc, a pattern invented
by Dante for The Divine Comedy
Persona
the way that the speaker speaks, how he acts
English Sonnet/ Shakespearean Sonnet
was developed in the sixteenth century
after the sonnet was imported to England and employs a different rhyme scheme
that takes into consideration the relative scarcity of rhymes in English
Nonce Sonnets
other names of sonnets over the years with other rhyme
schemes.
Spenserian Sonnet
named after Edmund Spenser, rhymes ababbcbccdcdee
Auditor
the person or persons being spoken to in a poem
Epigraph
a brief explanatory statement or quotation
Feminine Rhyme/Double Rhyme
matches two syllables, one stressed and one
usually unstressed eg. Stinging, upbringing, flinging
Neologism
a word made up by the poet
Ballads
shorter narratives with song-like qualities that often include rhyme
and repeated refrains
Nance
the repetition of similar vowel sounds
Syncope
is done for the sake of maintaining the poem's meter
Consonance
the repetition of similar consonant sounds
Apostrophe
is used when a nonhuman, inanimate, or abstract thing is directly
addressed
Masculine Rhyme
occurs between single stressed syllables eg. Fleece,
release, surcease
Ballads
shorter narratives with song-like qualities that often include rhyme
and repeated refrains
Rhyme Scheme
a stanza of four lines ending with heaven, hell, bell, eleven
is a rhyme scheme of abba
Lyric Poetry
originally comprised brief poems that were meant to be sung or
chanted to the accompaniment of a lyre
Narrative Poetry
poetry whose main function is to tell a story
Elegy
a lyric on the occasion of a death
Epic
second genre of Aristotle that has been expanded to include all types
of narrative poetry
Epigram
a short, satirical lyric usually aimed at a specific person
Dithyrambic Poetry
Aristotle's third category was a type of poem that was
composed to be chanted as a religious ritual by a chorus
Refrain
repeated line of groups of lines
Connotation
the implied meaning or feel that some words have acquired
Ballads
shorter narratives with song-like qualities that often include rhyme
and repeated refrains
Oral tradition
stories and poems that were passed down from generation to
generation in ancient societies by mouth
Dramatic Poetry
today the third category is called this, and is a speech by
a single character, usually delivered to a silent auditor
Mock-Heroic Narratives
narratives of heroes
Denotation
literal meaning
Parallel Structure
simply the repetition of grammatically similar phrases or
clauses
Stanzas
verses, whatever, you know it and that is fer sho, a block
Archaisms
words that are no longer in use, and that the reader does not
understand
Dramatic situation
a situation that provokes emotion in the auditor
Occasional verse
a poem that is written about or for an important event
Antithesis
is the matching of parallel units which contain contrasting
meanings
Anaphora and Epistrophe
repeated words or phrases at the beginning or ends
of lines
Diction
refers to the individual words in a poem and may be classified in
several ways
Idiom
the personal use of words that marks his poetry