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39 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Alliteration
The repetition of the same or similar sounds at the beginning of words of in stressed syllables
Allusion
Indirect reference
Anapest
A line of verse composed of two short syllables followed by one long one.
Blank verse
Unrhymed poetry with a regular rhythm and line length, usually an iambic pentameter
Ballad
A narrative poem, often of folk origin and intended to be sung, with short stanzas and usually a refrain
Cacophony
Harsh, discordant sounds
Concrete poetry
Poetry which uses a visual arrangement (of words, letters, or symbols) to convey the meaning
Couplet
Two lines of verse which form one unit, usually rhyming and with the same meter
Dactyl
A metrical foot [for the ppl im sending this to, note that a foot is a unit of poetic meter] consisting of one accented/long syllable followed by two unaccented/short syllables
Dialect
A regional variety of language distinguished by pronunciation, grammar, or vocabulary
Diction
Choice of words to fit their context
End Rhyme
The use of rhyme at the ends of lines of poetry
End-stopped
Poetry containing a pause in meaning at the end of a line, instead of continuing into the next line
Enjabment/run-ons
The continuation in meaning without pause or break from one line of poetry to the next
Figure of Speech
An expression used in a nonliteral sense in order or achieve a particular effect
Free verse
Verses without any pattern
Haiku
Japanese poetry with 3 unrhymed lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables describing one nature-based image
Iamb
An unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
Imagery
The figurative language, especially metaphors and similes, used to create a picture
Implied Metaphor
To indirectly suggest something through a metaphor
Internal Rhyme
Rhyme in which one of the rhyming words is within the line of poetry, and the other is at the end of the same line or within the next line
Irony
Humor based on opposites
Metaphor
The application of a word or phrase that is not meant literally but to make a comparison
Onomatopeia
The formation of words that imitate the sound associated with what’s being talked about (for example “hiss” or “buzz”)
Oxymoron
A phrase where two contradicting words are used together for special effect
Paraphrase
To restate in order to make simpler or shorter
Parody
A piece of writing or music that copies another in a humorous or ridiculing manner
Personification
Somebody who is an embodiment or perfect example of something
Pun
A humorous word of phrase because it has more than one possible meaning
Rhyme Scheme
The patter of rhyming lines often indicated with matching letters to show which lines rhyme.
Scanning
to conform to a pattern of rhythm
Shakespearean Sonnet
A sonnet in iambic pentameter composed of three quatrains followed by a couplet. The rhyme pattern is abab cdcd efef gg.
Simile
A figure of speech that draws a comparison, especially using the words “like” or “as”
Sonnet
A short poem with fourteen lines, usually ten-syllable rhyming lines, divided into two, three ,or four sections. They’re usually written in iambic pentameter.
Spondee
A unit of rhythm in poetry consisting of two long/stressed syllables
Stanza
One of the divisions of a poem, composed of two or more lines. Each stanza will normally have its own different rhythm and rhyme scheme.
Thesis/Antithesis
Contrasting words or phrases that create a blanced effect (the thesis is one line, usually happy, and the antithesis is the next line which contradicts, usually sad)
Tone
A sound with a particular quality
Trochee
A metrical foot with one stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable