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24 Cards in this Set

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Alliteration
repetition of intial consonant sounds

Darkness billowing beyond the dark, damp morning
rhyme
the repetition of sounds at the end of a word
"I think that I shall never see,
A poem lovely as a tree."
onomatopoeia
The use of words whose sounds imitate or suggest their meaning; buzz, rustle, boom, ticktock, tweek...
Allusion
reference to a person or thing outside the poem

I was as innocent as Adam--she, as conniving as Eve
assonance
internal rhyme with different ending sounds
mAd As A hAtter
"The bee will see the tree."
Metaphor
A comparision of two things that does not use the words "like" or "as" or "than".

My brother is a speeding train on his way to nowhere.
Simile
A comparison of two things that uses "like" or "as".

"The road was as windy as a piece of ribbon candy."
repetition
repeating words or phrases
"So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops fo New Hampshire.
Let freedom ring from....
Let freedom ring from..."
End rhyme
When the rhyming words are at the ends of lines

so dawn goes down to day.
nothing gold can stay.
Personification
A comparison between a non human with a human (Giving the non human, human characteristics.)

"The daffodils tossed their heads in an energetic dance."
hyperbole
a figure of speech in which something is exaggerated

I slept for a hundred years in the summer garden.
Imagery
the representation of a particular thing through sensory description. Vivid imagery enables a reader to easily "imagine"in his or her head what the poet is describing by appealing to the senses

The spiky hair on his head could have been confused with a plastic patio carpet.
Internal rhyme
When two or more words rhyme within a single line

Once upon a midnight DREARY, while I pondered weak and WEARY
While I nodded, nearly NAPPING, suddenly there came a TAPPING
Near rhyme/slant rhyme
words with any kind of sound similarity

I shut the door on the racket
Of rush hour traffic
Rhythm
The meter or the stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem.

"Twinkle, twinkle, little star.
(every other syllable is stressed.)
idiom
phrases that mean more than their words put together
He kicked the bucket.
pun
a play on words.

I would like to go to Holland someday. Wooden shoe? (wouldn't you)
blank verse
unrhymed verse with rhythm
Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow,
Creeps in this petty pace from day to day
free verse
no rhythm but with poetic devices
I DREAM'D in a dream I saw a city invincible to the attacks of the whole of the rest of the earth,
lyric poetry
Consists of a poem, such as a sonnet or an ode, that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet. Does not tell story.
epic
Epic Poems are long, serious poems that tells the story of a heroic figure.
Sonnets
English (or Shakespearean) sonnets are lyric poems that are 14 lines long.
Dramatic poetry
A character is talking or thinking about his own life-- talking through the poem.
DREAM it was in which I found myself.
And you that hail me now, then hailed me king,
Ballad
A song, transmitted orally, which tells a story.