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97 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
poetry
condensed language, usually having a musical quality and conaining literary techniques such as meter, metaphor, and rhyme
speaker
the individual from whose perspective the poem is presented
subject
the overall topic of the poem (on the surface level)
tone
the speaker's attitude toward his/her audience and/or subjuect matter (affected by diction and syntax)
theme
the message about life presented in the poem, and /or the idea(s) explored in the poem
motif
a recurring image, word, action, idea or situation, tying into a theme
symbol
in literature, something concrete which stands for something abstract
irony
strong contrast between expection and reality; outcome is the opposite of expectation (can be situational, verbal, or dramatic)
narrative
tells a story
lyrical
expresses deep emothin or observations
dramatic
involves monologue or dialogue (expresses thoughts or feelings)
ballad
narrative poem, often of folk origin and intended to be sung, consisting of simple stanzas and usually a recurrent refrain
concrete poem
a poem with a shape that reflects the subject of the poem
elegy
a poem composed as a lament for a deceased person
epic
extended narrative poem in elevated language, celebrating the feats of a legendary hero
haiku
japanese lyric verse having 3 unrhymed lines of 5,7,and 5 syllables; usually deals with nature or seasons
limerick
humorous verse, 5 lines, aabba rhyme scheme
ode
lyric poem; long, meditative, formal and usually focussed on a noun
pastoral
poem which portrays rural life, usually in an idealized manner
psalm
poem expressing devotion to god
sonnet
14 line poem in iambic pentameter with conventional rhyme scheme
shakespearean(english, elizabethan)
3 quatrains abab, cdcd, efef,concluding comment gg
italian(petrarchian)
octave; abba, abba (theme), sestet; cdc, cdc (resolutions)
stanza
a division of poetry, often named for the number of lilnes it contains, usually characterized by a common pattern of meter, rhyme, and number of lines
refrain
a phrase or verse, repeated at intervals throughout a song or poem
chorus
a phrase or verse
couplet
2 successive rhyming lines, usually having the same meter and forming a complete thought
q
heroic couplet
2 rhymed lines in iambic pentameter
triplet
set of three lines
quatrain
set of 4 lines
haiku
japanese lyric verse having 3 unrhymed lines of 5,7,and 5 syllables; usually deals with nature or seasons
limerick
humorous verse, 5 lines, aabba rhyme scheme
ode
lyric poem; long, meditative, formal and usually focussed on a noun
pastoral
poem which portrays rural life, usually in an idealized manner
psalm
poem expressing devotion to god
sonnet
14 line poem in iambic pentameter with conventional rhyme scheme
shakespearean(english, elizabethan)
3 quatrains abab, cdcd, efef,concluding comment gg
italian(petrarchian)
octave; abba, abba (theme), sestet; cdc, cdc (resolutions)
stanza
a division of poetry, often named for the number of lilnes it contains, usually characterized by a common pattern of meter, rhyme, and number of lines
refrain
a phrase or verse, repeated at intervals throughout a song or poem
chorus
a phrase or verse
couplet
2 successive rhyming lines, usually having the same meter and forming a complete thought
q
heroic couplet
2 rhymed lines in iambic pentameter
triplet
set of three lines
quatrain
set of 4 lines
quintet
set of 5 lines
sestet
set of 6 lines
septet
set of seven lines
octave
set of 8 lines
canto
principle division of a ling poem (often contains multiple stanzas)
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
free verse
unrhymed verse without fixed metrical patterns
rhythm
the pattern or flow of sound created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables
end rhyme
rhyme occurring at the ends of lones, correspondence of terminal sounds
internal rhyme
rhyme occurring in the middle of a line
alliteration
repetition of sounds (usually consonant) in the beginnings of words
onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds associated with their meanins
assonance
repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds, especially in stressed syllables
consonance
repetition of consonant sounds within words
repetition
reoccuring words, phrases, lines, stanzas, punctuation, etc.
parallelism
similarity in order or structure
caesura
pause in a line of poetry dictated by sense or natural speech rhythm (rather than meter)
end-stop line
line which ends with an end mark (i.e. period, comma,!?)
enjambment
the running over of meanings and grammatical structure from one line to the mext, without a punctuation or pause
rhyme
repetition of identical or closely related sound combinations in the syllables of different words
half-rhyme
an imperfect rhyme, usually found where the reader expects a rhyme
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhymes in a stanza or poem, marked with letters of the alphabet
euphony
a pleasingly smooth combination of sound
cacophony
harshness or discordancy of sound; the opposite of euphony
emotive language
language that triggers emotion
sensory details
details which appeal to the senses (types of imagery)
personification
a type of metaphor in which human qualities are given to something non-human
simile
a comparison of two basically unlike items usin as or like
metaphor
a comparison of 2 basically unlike items without using as or like
archaic
old, outdated language
elevated
formal, educated language
vulgarity
harsh, base language
connotation
all of the emotions and impressions a word can suggest
denotation
the dictionary definition of a word
stressed syllable
/
unstressed syllable
U
foot/feet
a unit of meter which denotes the combination of stressed and unstressed syllables
iamb
U/
anapest
UU/
trochee
/U
dactyl
/UU
spondee
//
pyrrhic
UU
meter
the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
monometer
a line consisting of one metrical foot
dimeter
a line or verse with 2 metrical feet
trimeter
a line or verse with 3 metrical feet
tetrameter
a line or verse with 4 metrical feet
pentameter
a line or verse with 5 metrical feet
hexameter
a line or verse with 6 metrical feet
heptameter
a line or verse with 7 metrical feet
octometer
a lin or verse with eight metrical feet