Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/60

Click to flip

60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
alliteration
the repetition of initial consonant sounds, or of syllables beginning with the same consonant sound, in two or more words making up a phrase or clause. these sounds should begin words stressed on their initial syllables
allusion
casual reference to a famous literary or historical figure, or to some event in literature or histroy
anapest
a poetic foot consisting of three syllables with two unaccented syllables followed by an accented one
antithesis
strong contrast in ideas
aphorism
concise statement of an idea or rule of conduct
apostrophe
words addressed to someone or something absent as if present
assonance
repetition in words close to one another of vowels similar in sound which are followed by different consonant sounds
blank verse
unrhymed verse having five feet per line, with the second syllable of each foot accented
caesura
a break or pause in the rhythm or meter of a line of verse, usually in the middle of the line
chiasmus
a kind of balance within a sentence or wihthin two clauses achieved by an inversion of hte second of two parallel phrases. if you place on phrase above the other and connect the parallel parts, you form an "X"
colloquialism
a word or expression accepted in informal conversational use but not in formal writing
connotation
meaning suggested by or associated with a word or phrase, in addition to its exact meaning
consonance
at the end of lines, use of words in which the final consonants are similar but the vowels that preced them differ
couplet
two successive lines of poetry usually of the same length, that rhyme
dactyl
poetic foot consisting of one accented syllable followed by two unaccented syllables
diction
manner in which aords are chosen and used
didactic verse
verse whose main pupose is to teach a moral lesson
ellipsis
omission of one or more words necessary for complete construction but which can be supplied by the reader
enjambment
continuing on of a sentence from one line or couplet into the next without a stop at the end of the line. this is also known as a run-on line
envoy
concluding stanza added to certain verse forms
epigram
a short poem with a witty or satirical point
epithet
an adjective or adjective phrase used to point out a characteristic of a person or a thing
feminine ending
an extra unstressed syllable added to the end of a line, usually in anapestic or iambic meter
figure of speech
an expression using words in an unusal sense to suggest a picture or to add vividness of style
free verse
verse that has an irregular pattern of meter and incorporates a variety of rhythmical effects. the stanza form is irregular and rhyme is usually absent
hyperbole
deliberate exaggeration to create an effect, not meant to be taken literally
iambic pentameter
line of ten syllables divided into five feet, each composed of one unaccented and one accented syllable, in that order
inversion
reversal of the normal order of words in a sentence, usually to gain emphasis
irony
method of expression in which the intended meaning of the words used is the direct opposite of their usual sense
litotes
expressing something by the negative of its opposite
medial rhyme
rhyme occurring within a line
metaphor
a figure of speech that omits "like" or "as" to imply a comparison
meter
the rhythm of poetry, generally falling into a regular pattern of accented syllables
metonymy
a figure of speech using a commonly associated word to describe the object
octet
the first eight lines of a sonnet, particularly the Italian sonnet, which generally state the theme of the poem
ode
an elaborate poem on an exalted theme
onomatopoeia
a poetic device that uses words, the sounds of which correspond to their meaning
oxymoron
a figure of speech in which two seemingly contradictory terms are combined for emphasis or effect
paradox
a statement that is, or seems to be, contradictory
pathetic fallacy
an expression that assigns human emotions to natural or inanimate things
personification
a figure of speech that addresses ideas, qualities, abstractions, or inanimate things as human beings
poetic foot
a single unit of petic rhythm consisting of one or more unaccented syllables and one accented syllable
pun
a play on words
quatrain
a stanza of four lines
refrain
a word or group of words repeated at regular interrvals in a poem, usually at the end of a stanza
repetition
the deliberate restating of a phrase or line for effect
rhyme
the use of words that end in the same sound; in verse the rhyme usually comes at the end of the line
rondeau
an intricate verse pattern consiting of fifteen lines, the ninth and fifteenth acting as a refrain, in three stanzas using the rollowing rhyme scheme: aabba, aabc, aabbac
sarcasm
a figure of speech which, like irony but harsher in tone, expresses meaning by use of the opposite
satire
a form of literary composition that criticizes some aspect of mankind and holds it up to humorous inspection
scansion
a technical division of a poetic line into its basic rhytmic feet
sestet
the last six lines of a sonnet, generally making comment on the theme set in the first eight lines
simile
a figure of speech which, using "like" or "as," expresses a comparison directly
sonnet
a poem of fourteen lines in iambic pentameter that follows a definited rhyme scheme
stanza
a unit in a poem, roughly analogous to a paragraph in prose; consists of two, three, four, five, and even more lines
symbol
an object that represents a psychological, philosophical, social, or religious significance
synedoche
a figure of speech that uses the part to represent the whole
terza rima
an intricate rhyme scheme that fits tercets (three-line groupings) into the following pattern: aba, bcb, cdc, ded, and so on
trasnferred epithet
an adjective used to describe a noun with which it is not normally associated, thus adding vividness to the figure
trochee
a poetic foot, consisting of two syllables, with an accented syllable preceding an unaccented syllable