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26 Cards in this Set

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Accent
` The emphasis given to a syllable. A heavy or primary stress is marked with a prime mark or acute accent ('), and a lightly accented syllable is marked with a short accent ().
Alliteration
The repetition of identical or similar consonant sounds, normally at the beginning or words. "Gnus never know pneumonia" is an example of alliteration, because despite the spellings, all four words begin with the "n" sound.
Assonance
The repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds. "A land laid waste with all its young men slain" repeats the same "A" sound in "laid," "waste," and "slain."
Ballad Meter
A four-lined stanza rhymed abcb with four feet in lines one and three and three feet in lines two and four.
O mother, mother make my bed.
O make it soft and narrow.
Since my love died for me today,
I'll die for him tomorrow.
Blank verse
Unrhymed iambic pentameter. Most of Shakespeare's plays are in blank verse.
Men called him Mulciber; and how he fell
From heaven, they fabled, thrown by angry Jove
Sheer o'er the crystal battlements; from morn
To noon he fell, from noon to dewy eve. work.
Dactyl
A metrical foot of three syllables, an accented syllable followed by two unaccented syllables. Like marginal, portable.
End-stopped
A line with a pause at the end. Lines that end with a period, comma, colon, semicolon, exclamation point, or question mark are end-stopped lines.
Enjambement or Run-in Line
A line having no end punctuation but running over to the next line.
Eye Rhyme
In a position in a poem where rhyme is expected, eye-rhyming words look as though they should rhyme exactly but do not, as in love and prove.
Falling or Feminine Rhyme
Rhyming using words of two or more syllables in which the accent falls on any syllable other than the last, such as dying and crying. The rhyme in which stressed syllables are followed by identical unstressed syllables.
Foot
A rhythmic unit into which a line of metrical verse is divided.
Free verse
Poetry which is not written in a traditional meter but is still rhythmical. The poetry of Walt Whitman is perhaps the best know example of free verse.
Heroic Couplet
Two end-stopped iambic pentameter lines rhymed aa, bb, cc with the thought usually completed in the two-line unit.When those fair suns shall set, as set they must,
And all those tresses shall be laid in dust,
This lock, the Muse shall consecrate to fame,
And 'midst the stars inscribe Belinda's name.
Hexameter
A line containing six feet.
Iamb
A two-syllable foot with an unaccented syllable followed by an accented syllable. The iamb is the most common foot in English poetry. In love.
Internal Rhyme
Rhyme that occurs within a line, rather th "God save thee, ancient Mariner! From the friends, that plague thee thus! -Why look'st thou so?" - With my crossbow I shot the Albatross. Line three contains the internal rhyme of "so" and "bow"
Masculine or Rising Rhyme
Rhymes produced with one syllable words, like sky and fly, or with multi-syllabic words in which the accent falls on the last syllable, such as decline and confine.
Onomatopoeia
The use of words whose sound suggests their meaning. Examples are "buzz," "hiss," or "honk."
Pentameter
A line containing five feet The iambic pentameter is the most common line in English verse written before 1950.
Rhyme royal
A 7 line stanza of iambic pentameter rhymed ababbcc, used by Chaucer and other medieval poets.
Slant Rhyme
Words that almost rhyme, usually with different vowel sounds and similar consonant sounds, as in could and solitude.
Sonnet
Normally a 14 line iambic pentameter poem. The conventional Italian, or Petrachan, sonnet is rhymed abba, abba, cde, cde; the English, or Shakespearean, sonnet is rhymed abab, cdcd, efef, gg.
Spondee
Two successive, equally heavy accents, as in men's eyes
Stanza
usually a repeated grouping of three or more lines with the same meter and rhyme scheme.
Terza rima
A three-line stanza rhymed aba, bcb, cde. Dante's Divine Comedy is written in terza rima.
Tetrameter
A line of four feet.an at the end.