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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds
connotation
the implied or suggested meaning of a word
couplet
two consecutive rhyming lines
denotation
the literal definition of a word
figure of speech
a word or phrase that identifies or describes something in a way that is not literally true, but may be meaningful in a deeper sense
hyperbole
gross exaggeration for effect
irony
an unexpected twist; the contract between what is expected to happen and what actualyl occurs or between what appears to be and what actually is
metaphor
comparison without the use of the words like or as
onomataopoeia
the use of words whose sounds imitate natural sounds
personification
giving an object or animals human qualites or characteristics
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhymes at the ends of lines in a poem
sarcasm
a form of verbal irony; saying something and meaning the exact opposite, with teh intent to be witty or insulting
simile
a comparison using like or as
stanza
lines grouped together to form a division of a porm, separated from other lines by space
symbol
an object, person, place, event or quality that stands for something more than itself, something concrete that stands for something abstract
genre
a division or type of literature.
narrative poetry
poetry that tells a story.
dramatic poetry
poetry that involves techniques of dramar. One or more characters speck to other characters who may or may not be present
dramatic monologue
a poem in which one person addreeses a listener or listeners who do not speak
lyric poetry
highly musical verse that expresses the emotions, attitude and observations of a single speaker
ballad
a song-like poem that tells a story, oftem one dealing with adventure or romance
folk ballads
meant to be sung so had a regular rhythm and rhymes
literary ballad
one written by a poet in conscious imitation of the folk ballad
quatrain
four-line stanza with a particular rhythem and rhyme scheme
diction
word choice
image
a word or phrase that appeals to one or more of the senses
imagery
collective term for images
speaker
person whose voice we hear in the poem