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96 Cards in this Set

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A 3 line concluding stanza
Consists of 39 lines of any length divided into 6 line stanzas and a 3 line concluding stanza
A fixed form consisting of 19 lines of any length divided into 6 stanzas
English Sonnet
Organized into 3 quatrains and a couplet which typically rhyme, example: a b a b c d c d e f e f g g
Consists of 14 lines usually written in iambic pentameter
Is always light and humerous, it's usual form consists of 5 predominantly anapestic lines rhyming: a a b b a
Consists of 17 syllables organized into 3 unrhymed lines of 5, 7 and 5 syllables
Is used to describe a lyric poem written to commemorate someone who's dead
Characterized by a serious topic and formal tone
Picture Poems
The arranging of lines into particular shapes in a poem
A humerous imitation of another usually serious work
Free Verse
Repetition of words, phrases, or grammatical structures. The arrangements of words on a printed page, or some other means
Prose Poem
Is printed as prose and represents, perhaps, the most clear opposite of fixed forms
Iambic Pentameter
A metric foot of 2 syllables, one stressed, and one unstressed
Consists of a grouping of lines set off by a space that usually has a set pattern of meter and rhyme
Rhyme Scheme
The pattern of end rhymes
2 lines that usually rhyme and have the same meter
Heroic Couplet
Consists of rhymed iambic pentameter
Terza Rima
Consists of an interlocking 3 line rhyme scheme, ex: a b a b c b c d c d e d
A 4 line stanza, is the most common stanzaic form in the english language and can have various meters and rhyme schemes
Ballad Stanza
Consists of alternating 8 and 6 syllable lines
A pause within a line
End Stopped Line
When a line has a pause as its end
Run On Line
A line that ends without a pause and continues into the next line for its meaning
Running over from one line to another
Poem's overall structure or shape that follows an already established design
Fixed Form
A poem that can be categerized by the patterns of it's lines, meter, rhymes, and stanzas
Open Form or Free Verse
Poems that do no conform to the established patterns, meter, rhymes, or stanzas
Stress or Accent
Places more emphasis on syllable or another
Rising Meter
These meters have different rhythms and can create different effects, iambic and anapestic
Falling Meters
They move from unstressed to stressed sounds while trochaic and dactylic
Blank Verse
Unrhymed iambic pentameter
A 2 syllable foot in which both syllables are stressed
Masculine Ending
A line that ends with a stressed syllable
Femenine Ending
A line that ends with an extra stressed syllable
Cosmic Irony
When a writer uses god, destiny, or fate to dash the hopes and expectations of a character, or human kind in general
Recurrence of stressed and unstressed sounds
When a rhythmic pattern of stresses occurs in a poem
All the metrical elements in a poem
Consists of measuring the stresses in a line to determine it's metrical pattern
Metrical unit by which a line of poetry is measured
Long narrative poem on a serious topic chronicling heroic deeds or events
Dramatic Monologue
A poem in which a character, the speaker, addresses a silent audience to reveal his or her temperment or personality
Language that addresses the senses
A narration or description usually restricted to a single meaning
Didactic Poetry
Is designed an ethical, moral, or religous lesson
Literary art of ridiculing a folly or vice in an effort to expose it or correct it
Formula Diction
Consists of a dignified, impersonal and elevated use of language
Poetic Diction
The use of elevated language, instead of ordinary language
Middle Diction
Less formal level of diction
Informal Diction
Everyday language, includes slang
Literal dictionary meanings of a word
Associations and implications that go beyond a word's literal meaning
Informal diction spoken by definable groups of people from a particular geographic region, economic group, or social class
A category of language defined by a trade or profession
A speaker created by the poet
Allows for 2 or more simultaneous interpretations of a word, phrase, action, or situation, all of which can be supported by the context of a work
Carpe Diem
Sieze the day, poetic theme, do not delay love, time is short
A brief reference to a person, place, thing, event or idea
Figures of speech
Saying one thing in terms of something else
Makes an explicit comparison between 2 things by using words such as "like", "as", "appears", or "seems"
Makes a comparison between 2 unlike things, but it does it implicitly without words such as "like", or "as"
Implied Metaphor
Hints or alludes to one of the things compared
Extended Metaphor
The entire poem is arranged around a comparison
Controlling Metaphor
Extended comparisons that can serve as a poem's organizing principles
Is a play on words that relies on word having more than 1 meaning or sounding like another word
A figure of speech in which a part of something is used to signify the whole
Something closely associated with a subject substituted for it
Attribution of human characters to non-human things
Addresses to someone absent or non-human
Says less than is intended
Overstatement, or hyperbole
Figure of speech, exaggeration for emphasis, though not true
A statement that initially appears to be self-contradictory, but on a closer look, turns out to make sense
Condensed paradox in which 2 contradictory words are used together
Oral tradition poems
Literary Ballad
Sophisticated 19th century reflection on the original ballad traditions that developed in the 15th century and earlier
The use of words that resembles the sound it denotes
Repetitions of the same consonant sounds at the beginnings of nearby words, example: descending dew drops
Repetition of the same vowell sound in nearby words. Example: Asleep under a tree
Lines that are musically pleasant to the ear and smooth, example: a bird came down the walk
Lines that are discordant and difficult to pronounce, example: never my numb plunker fumbles
A way of creating sound patterns
Eye Rhyme
The spelling are similar but the pronounciations are not as with bough and cough
End Rhyme
Comes at the end of lines
Internal Rhyme
Places at least one of the rhymed words within the line as in: dividing and gliding and sliding
Masculine Rhyme
Rhyming of single syllables, words, or rhyming
Feminine Rhyme
Rhyming stressed syllables, followed by one or more rhymed unstressed syllables
Exact Rhyme
Rhymes sharing stressed and unstressed syllables
Near Rhyme
Sounds are almost but not exactly alike
An identical consonants sound preceded by a different vowell sound
A term used for lines whose subject matter is trite and whose rhythm and sounds are monotonously heavy handed
A prose restatement of the central ideas of a poem in your own words, own language
Lines composed in a measured rhythmical pattern which are often but not necessarily rhymed
Words made from letters of other words such as "read" and "dare" to evoke feelings about death
A brief poem that expresses the personal emotions and thoughts of a single speaker
Narrative Poetry
A poem that tells a story