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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
catalog poem
built on list of images. repetitions of items creates rolling rhythm when read aloud
narration
writing about a series of related events
prose poem
compact and rhythmic in form of prose paragraph vivid figure of speech
dramatic monologue
poem where character speaks to listeners
blank verse
poetry in unrhymed iambic pentameter
ballad
song that tells a story
lyric
doesn't tell a story. expresses feelings or thoughts
sonnet - petrarchan
14 line poem, iambic pentameter, thyme's oldest first 8 lines pose questions. last 6 answer
sonnet - shakespearean
4 line units. followed by 2 line couplet. abab cdcd efef gg
stanza
group of lines that form a single unit
couplet
two lines that rhyme
quatrain
2 4-line stanzas. express unit of thought
scene/setting
location. internal, external, or both
speaker/persona
voice that is talking to us in poem
imagery
language that appeals to the senses
fresh imgage
describe things in terms of a different thing
cliche
overused worn-out phrase
metaphor
comparison between two unlike things.
direct metaphor
directly compare with a verb like "is"
implied metaphor
doesn't directly tell us. uses words that suggest nature of comparison
extended metaphor
extended over several lines
simile
compare 2 unlike things using like or as
personification
inanimate objects are giving human traits
repetition
repetition of words, phrases, or entire lines
diction
writer or speaker's word choice
pun
play on multiple meanings of a word
tone
attitude writer has toward audience, subject, or character
denotation
literal, dictionary definition of a word
refrain
repeated word, phrase, line, group of lines
connotation
all meanings, associations, or emotions suggested by word
meter
pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
scanning
analyzing a poem to show its meter
foot
building blocks of meter
iamb
untressed followed by stressed
trochee
stressed followed by unstressed
anapest
two unstressed followed by stressed
dactyl
stressed followed by two unstressed
spondee
2 stressed syllables
free verse
no meter or rhyme scheme
pentameter
a line with 5 feet
tetrameter
verse with four feet
rhyme
repetition of accented vowel sounds in close together words
end rhyme
rhymes at end of lines
rhyme scheme
pattern of rhymes in a poem
approximate rhyme
words of rhymes in a poem
approximate rhyme
words don't exactly rhyme but still have a similar sound
internal rhyme
occur in middle of line
onomatopoeia
word whose sound imitates meaning
alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds