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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Understatement
To represent as less than is the case.
Alliteration
Repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together.
e.g. Who copped the copper clapper?
Diction
Writer's or speaker's choice of words
Rhythm or Music
the recurrence of a beat is called the rythym or musin of a poem; it is altered by shifts in meter, in diction, in pauses.
Sound Patterns
Poetry, like music, is the arrangement of sounds, but with words.
blank Verse
Poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter.
Poetry
Type of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery to appeal to the reader's emotions and imagination.
Symbolism
Person, place, thing, or event that stands both for something beyond itself.
Hyperbole
Figure of speech that uses exaggertion to express strong emotion or create a comic effect.
Narrative Poem
Tells a story (usually written in blank verse or free verse) concerns a series of events and usually has elements of a short stroy.
Connotation
All the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests
Accent
The emphasis in any word or syllable.
Apostrophe
The addressing of a usually absent person or a usually personified thing rhetorically
Onomatopoeia
Use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning. e.g. Hiss, hoot, meow,murmur
Foot
The basic unit of measurement in a line of poetry; generally consisting of 2 or 3 syllables, one of which is accented.
Consonance
Repetition of consonants at the end of stressed syllables.
e.g. Wilting lilies lollygag in July.
Allusion
Reference to a statement, a person, a place, or an event from literature, history, religion, myth, politics, sports, science, or the arts.
Sonnet
A lyric poem with a traditional form of 14 iambic pentameter lines.
Dactylic
One stressed syllable followed by 2 unstressed syllables.(dumm de de)
Lyric Poem
Short poem which expresses intense personal feeling.
Metrical Line
consists of one or more feet and is named for the number of feet in a line.
Monometer-1 foot
Dimeter-2 feet
Trimeter-3 feet
Tetrameter-4 feet
Pentameter-5 feet
Hexameter-6 feet
Heptameter-7 feet
Octameter-8 feet
Assonance
Repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds in words that are close together.
e.g. Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary.
Simile
Comparing two unlike things using like or as.
Free Verse
has no meter or regular rhythm scheme
Ambiguity
Capable of being understood in two or more possible senses or ways.
Trochaic
One stressed syllable followed by one unstressed syllable.(dumm de)
Figurative language
The opposite of literal language. Calls on the reader to use his imagination to complete the author's meaning
Pun
Play on the multiple meanings of a word or on two words that sound alike but have different meanings.
Iambic
One unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.(de dumm)
Denotation
Literal meaning
Anapestic
2 unstressed syllables followed by one stressed syllable.(de de dumm)
Personification
Giving inanimate objects human characteristics.
Metaphor
Comparing two unlike things w/o using like or as