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40 Cards in this Set

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Alliteration
Repetation of constant sounds at the beginning of words.
allusion
indirect reference to another liteary work/famous person.
assonance
repetation fo vowel sounds within non-ryming words
consonance
repetation of constant sounds
ballad
poem that tells a story and is ment to be sung or recited.
blank verse
unrymed poetry written in iambic pentameter.
free verse
poetry that doesn't contain a regular pattern of rhyme and meter.
Denotation
dictionary definition of a word
Connotation
attidues/feelings associated with a word.
couplet
rymed pairs of lines
Diction
writers/speakers choice of words and way of arranging the words in sentences.
Meter
regular pattern of accented/unaccented syllables in like of a poetry
paradox
statement that seems initially to be self-contradictory or absurd but that turns out to make sense.
Metonymy
subsituting the name of one thing for that of something closely associated with it.

ex: i had a bowl.
Synechdoche
substitution of a part of a thing for the whole of which it is apart.

ex: give her a hand
rhyme scheme
Pattern ofnd rhyme in a poem
Stanza
grouping of two or more lines in a pattern that is repeatted throughout a poem.
Onomatopeia
use of words such as pow, buzzz, -word that suggests its meaning
imagery
descriptive words/phrases that re-create sensory experiences for the reader.
hyperbole
figure of speech, where the truth is exaggerated for emphasis or for a humarous effect.
personification
human qualities are attributed to an object , animal or idea
Metaphor
figure of speech-comparison between two lines not using like or as.
Simile
figure of speech-comparison using like or as.
line lengths
shorter lines often quicken the rhythem.
Line Endings
lines that lack punctuation at the end and run on to the next line
end-stopped lines
lines w/ punctuation
poems are usually defined by a type a meter called
Accentual-syllabic
accentual syllabic meter is the repetition of meterical ___ or two-three syllable units usually stressed
Feet
Iamb
foot that places the accent sound second or third
What is the most frequatnly used meter and consists of combinations of feet where the second/third beet is stresed
IAMBIC
Trochee
foot in which the stress is placed first
Trochaic meter
inverse of iambic
one foot
monometer
two feet
dimeter
three feet
trimeter
four feet
tetrameter
five feet
pentameter
6 ft
hexameter
7 feet
heptameter
8 feet
octometer