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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
denotation
the dictionary meaning of a word
connotation
what is expressed beyond the dictionary meaning of a word
imagery
the representation through language of sense experience
personification
giving the attributes of a human being to an animla, object, or a concept
apostrophe
adressing someone absent or dead or something nonhuman as if that person or thing were present and alive and could reply to what is being said
symbol
something that means more that what it is
allegory
a narrative of description that has a second meaning beneath the surface
paradox
an apparent contradiction that is nevertheless somehow true
hyperbole
overstatement; simply an exageration, but an exageration in the service of truth
understatement
saying less than one really means
irony and verbal irony
saying the opposite of what one means
sarcasm
bitter or cutting speech
satire
it is ridicule of human folly or vice with the purpose of bringing reform
dramatic irony
the descrepancy between what the speaker says and what the poem means
irony of situation
discrepancy between the actual circumstances and those that would seem appropriate
allusion
a reference to something in history or previous literature
tone
the writer's or speaker's attitude toward the subject, the reader, or himself
alliteration
the repetition of initial consonant sounds
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds
consonance
repetition of final consonant sounds
rhyme
repetition of the accented vowel souns and any succeeding consonant sounds
masculine rhyme
when the rhyme sounds involve only one syllable
feminine rhyme
rhyme sounds involve two or more syllables
internal rhyme
on or more rhymeing words are within the line
end rhyme
rhyming words are at the end of lines
approximate rhymes
include words with any kind of sound similarity