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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Abstract Language
describes generalizations/concepts, ideas, intangibles
Alliteration
repeating consonant sounds at the start
Allusions
references to people, objects, events outside the poem
Anapest
A metrical foot composed of two short syllables followed by one long one, as in the word seventeen
Anaphora
conscious use of repeated words/lines
Assonance
repeating vowel sounds
Blank Verse
type of poetry with regular meter but no rhyme (commonly iambic pentameter)
Cacophony
group of harsh sounds
Caesura
a pause within a line of poetry, sometimes indicated with punctuation, often imitates natural speech patterns
Concrete Language
identifies things perceived through the senses (touch, smell, sight, hearing, and taste), such as soft, stench, red, loud, or bitter
Connotation
suggested meaning
Consonance
repeating consonant sounds
Dactyl
one stressed, two unstressed syllables (poetry)
Diction
poem's word choice
dimeter
line containing two metrical feet
Enjambment
a line ends without a pause and continues into the next line for meaning
Euphony
passages that arrange/repeat vowels and smooth consonants (l, m, n, y, w); pleasing sound without disruption
Falling/feminine rhyme
end rhymes with unaccented last syllable (falling, bells ring)
Figurative Image
likens object/experience to something
free verse
no meter
Heptameter
7 feet
Hexameter
metrical unit with six feet
quatrain
four lines
iamb
metrical foot with unstressed syllable then stressed syllable (delay)
Metonymy
substitutes an identifying emblem/aspect to represent someone or something (the gangster used to be a hired gun)
Pentameter
line of verse consisting of five metrical feet
Petrarchan sonnet
consists of an octave (eight lines) and a sestet (six lines
Rising/masculine rhyme
end rhymes with accented last syllable
septet
7 lines
sestet
6 lines
Shakespearean sonnet
3 quatrains rhyming abab, cdcd, efef, couplet gg
Synecdoche
substitutes part or piece of a thing to represent the whole; form of metonymy (I need to buy some new wheels)
tercet
3 lines
Tetrameter
4 feet
trimeter
3 feet
Trochee
accented, unaccented (turkey)
Villanelle
19 lines: 5 tercets (3 lines), 1 quatrain (4 lines); rhyme aba, abaa