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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
POETRY
a special way of writing using rhyme, rhythm, and figurative langauage
NARRATIVE POEM
a poem that tells a story
(ex: "Excelsior!")
LYRIC POEM
a poem with a musical quality
FREE VERSE
a poem with no particular rhyme pattern or rhythm
HAIKU
Japanese - three line poem
five syllables
seven syllables
five syllables
(usually about nature)
LIMERICK
five line humorous poem with rhyme scheme:
A
A
B
B
A
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
language not meant to be taken literally (it doesn't mean exactly what it says)
SENSORY LANGUAGE
using words that appeal to the senses
(ex: sticky, slimy, velvety)
RHYME
using words witht he same ending sound
(ex: cat, sat, mat)
RHYME SCHEME
a pattern of end rhymes in a poem - letters show the pattern
A
A
B
B
RHYTHM
the 'beat' in a poem - a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
(twinKLE, twinKLE,
litTLE STAR) or
(i THINK that I shall
NEver SEE
a POEM as LOVEly AS a TREE)
COUPLET
two lines that rhyme
CONCRETE POEM
a poem written so that the arrangement of words suggests the subject (shape poem)
IMAGERY
using words and phrases that create pictures in the mind
METAPHOR
a comparison of two unlike things that talks about one as if it is the other
(ex: her hair is glistening silk)
SIMILE
a comparison of two unlike things using 'like' or 'as'
(ex: her hair is as soft as silk)
PERSONIFICATION
giving human qualities to non-human things
(ex: the trees sighed in the wind)
ALLITERATION
repetition of beginning consonant sounds
(ex: tongue twisters -
Mixed-up Mary messed up the message)
ONOMATOPOEIA
words that sound like what they mean
(ex: slam!, splat!)
BALLAD
songlike poems that tell a story, usually adventure or romance