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49 Cards in this Set

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A figure of speech that uses the words like, as, than, or resembles to compare things that seem to have little or nothing in common
Simile
A figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance. Something is something else
Metaphor
Attributing human qualities to a nonhuman thing or to and abstract idea
Personification
The use of an often ordinary object, event, animal, or person to which extraordinary meaning and significance have been attached
Symbolism
Names something we can see, smell, taste, touch, or hear
Imagery
A line or group of lines that is repeated throughout a poem, usually after every stanza
Refrain
A strict rhythmic pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in each line
Meter
A loose kind of rhythm in which the sounds of long phrases are balanced against the sounds of short phrases
Free Verse
A rhyme that occurs at the ends of lines
End rhyme
A rhyme that occurs within a line
Internal rhyme
Occurs when the repetition of sound is similar but not exact
Approximate rhyme
The repetition of the same or similar sounds at the beginning of words
Alliteration
The use or words that sound like what they mean
Onomatopoeia
The attitude of the writer or the speaker toward the subject of the poem or toward the crowd
Tone
The repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds in words that are close together
Assonance
Similarity or repetition of terminal consonants in two or more syllables, words, or lines
Consonance
The meaning, association, or emotion that a word suggests
Connotation
The literal, dictionary definition of the word
Denotation
Two consecutive lines in poetry that rhyme
Couplet
Poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
Blank verse
A song or song-like poem that tells a story
Ballad
A line of poetry that has five metrical feet.
pentameter
A line of poetry that has four metrical feet.
tetrameter
A line of poetry made up of a certain number of metric feet
Other “meters”
A contrast between expectation and reality
Irony
When a speaker says one thing but means the opposite
Verbal irony
When what actually happens is the opposite of what is expected or appropriate
Situational Irony
When the reader or the audience knows something important that a character does not know
Dramatic Irony
The central idea or insight or a work of literature
Theme
The arrangement of rhymes in a poem or stanza
Rhyme Scheme
Metrical feet consisting of one unaccented syllable followed by one accented syllable
Iambic
Metrical feet consisting of one accented syllable followed by one unaccented syllable
Trochaic
Metrical feet consisting of two unaccented syllables followed by one accented syllable
Anapestic
Metrical feet consisting of one accented syllable followed by two unaccented syllables
Dactylic
Harsh or unharmonious use of language as opposed to euphony
Cacophony
Agreeable sound, especially in the phonetic quality of words
Euphony
Resembling a drama in emotional content or progression
Dramatic
A stanza or poem of four lines
Quatrain
An instance of repeating or being repeated
Repetition
The analysis of verse into metrical patterns
Scansion
Using language that is distinct phonetically
Phonetic intensive
A seemingly contradictory statement that may nonetheless be true
Paradox
Writing that tells a story or relates a series of events
Narrative
A shorts poem in which the poet expresses an emotion or records a meditation or sensation rather than telling a story
Lyric
A literary, dramatic, or pictorial device in which each literal character, object and event represents a symbol illustrating and idea or moral or religious principle
Allegory
A false rhyme consisting or words, such as lint and pint, with similar spellings but different sounds
Eye Rhyme
An exaggeration or extravagant statement used as a figure of speech
Hyperbole
A disclosure or statement that is less then complete or intentional lack of emphasis in expression, as in irony
Understatement
14 lines of iambic pentameter
Sonnet