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27 Cards in this Set

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notation
explicit meaning
connotation
suggested meaning
onomatopoeia
a word that imitates sounds; noise words ( hiss, slap, rip, etc.)
Alliteration
repeating an initial consonant sound
euphony
flowing and pleasing sounds without disruption
Cacophony
a group of harsh sounds
sibilance
hissing sounds
Diction
a poem's entire word choice, taken from the poet's knowledge of language
concrete poetry
shapes poetry
couplet
two lines; a couplet is often employed with long, uniterrupted verses.
Heroic Couplet
rhymed in Iambic Pentameter
Spenserian stanza
nine lines
sonnet
a lyric with 14 rhyming lines in iambic pentameter
sonnet sequence
a group of sonnets on a theme
sonnet crowns
linked sonnets in which the last line becomes the first line, and the last line of the final poem repeats the first line of the first poem
Ars Poetical (the art of poetry)
a poem written on the subject of poetic art, usually to explain a poet's reason for writing
Aubade (alba)
A poem composed at dawn, usually in the voice of a departing lover
Carpe Diem
a poem urging one to live in the moment because time passes quickly
Dithyramb
any poem about the adventures of Gods. Modernly, it means a poem of praise or any exaggerated, passionate composition.
Elegy
a poem written for someone dead
Encomium
Orignally for a celebrated hero, now a laudatory poem for a legendary or real person.
Epithalamium
A celebration for a wedding.
Madrigal
A short (12 or 13 line) poem
Eune
A magical chant
irony
Meaning that extends beyond its use merely as a figure of speech.
Verbal Irony
Saying the opposite of what one means
Sarcasm
Bitter or cutting speech, intended to wound the feelings; comes from the greek word meaning "to tear flesh."