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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
rhyme
two words that sound alike
slant rhyme
two words that sort of sound alike or are pronounced differently to sound alike
sight rhyme
two words that look like they sound a like, but do not when correctly pronounced
rhyme scheme
pattern of end rhymes in a poem
alliteration
repetition of initial syllable/sound in a sequence of words. ("[...]nodding, nearly napping[...]")
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds in a sequence of words with different endings
scanning/scansion
process of analyzing a poem to show its meter line by line.
rhythm
modulation of stressed and unstressed elements in the flow of speech
meter
(more/less) regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry.
end-stopped
is a feature in poetry in which the syntactic unit (phrase, clause, or sentence) corresponds in length to the line
enjambment
running over from one line of poetry to the next with out stop.
theme
statement a poem makes about its subject (what a poem is about, more or less)
tone
the "attitude" of the poem, verse, or line.
speaker
person (not necessarily the author) who is the voice of the poem
persona
voice/character representing the speaker in a literary work
voice
writer's individual writing style;
tone + irony
denotative lanuage
language that uses the precise meaning of (a) word(s)
connotative
using words differently than what they mean
syntax
way words are put together to form phrases, clauses, and senetences
dominate meter
meter that is most common (by foot) in a line/verse.
scansion
process of analyzing a verse in a poem to shows its meter line by line
enjambment
line that is not end stopped, but continues to the next line
lyric
poem in which the speaker expresses intense personal emotion rather than describing a narrative or dramatic situation
internal structure
what the poet is doing
narrative structure
telling of a tale in linear fashion (doesn't jump around, chronical order)
dramatic structure
series of scenes, as in a play
discurssive structure
gets the reader to think in a certain way; presents an argument
imitative structure
in imitation of another poem or literary work.
meditative / reflective structure
investigation of a thing or an event; pondering
descriptive structure
very detailed structure
figurative language
using words to mean something other than the literal, the meaning can be obscure
metaphor
implicit comparison of two unlike things. Usually one thing is represented as the other
conceit
a principal subject with several subsidiary subjects or comparisons, a metaphor that is continued to be described
simile
explicit comparison that directly compares two unlike objects
analogy
comparisons based on resemblances of two otherwise unlike things
allegory
similar to a metaphor but includes an entire work or large portion of a work
synecdoche
a part of an object that substitutes for that object (new set of "wheels")
metonymy
substitution of an object by a related object (using White House in place of Executive Branch)
symbol
something exists in and of itself, that is concrete but stands for something else. However, its qualities may or may not represent what it is a symbol for. (For instance, the Cross)
tenor
idea, thing, feeling, ect. a poet is trying to convey
vehicle
method in which a poet transmits an idea, thing, feeling, ect.