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22 Cards in this Set

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the repetition of the or same or similar sound at the beginning of words
ex) peter piper picked a peck of pickled peppers
Alliteration
a reference to a historical event to biblical, mythological or literary characters and incidents with which the reader is assumed to be familiar with
Allusion
the repetition or pattern of similar sounds especially vowel sounds
ex) Moses supposes his toeses are roses
Assonance
a poem that tells a story similar to a folk tale or a legend and often has a repeated refrain.
ex) "the rime of the ancient mariner"
Ballad
poetry that is written UN-rhymed iambic pentameter Shakespeare wrote most of his plays in blank verse
Blank verse
a latin expression that means "seize the day" Carpe Diem poems usually urge the reader 9or to live for day and enjoy the pleasure of the moment.
ex) Gather ye rosebuds while ye may"
Carpe Diem
the intentional and imaginative use of words and comparisons that are not literal,but that create original, vivid, and often unexpected images and associations. Also called metaphorical language.
Figurative Language
A figure of speech in which deliberate exaggeration is used for emphasis. Many everyday expressions are examples of Hyperbole
ex) Tons of money, waiting for ages, a flood of tears.
Hyperbole
An image is an expression or recreation through language of any experience perceived through the senses. If you can picture it in your mind, it is imagery.
Image (Imagery)
In general, a ton or figure of speech in which there is a discrepancy-a Striking difference or contradiction - between what is expressed and what is meant or expected. It maybe used to achieve a powerful effect indirectly.
ex) a bank robber robs a police station; that is ironic
Irony
a poem such as a sonnet or an ode that expresses the thought and feelings of the poet; maybe resemble a song inform or style
Lyric
a figure of speech in which two things are compared usually by saying one thing is another. These comparison do not use like or as
ex) the worlds a stage; he was a lion in battle; drowning in debt; a sea of troubles
Metaphor
the use of words who's sound reflect their since or meaning
ex) buzz bam pow hiss moan
Onomatopoeia
a figure of speech om which two sharply contrasting turns are paired for emphasis or ironic effect
ex) jumbo shrimp; army intelligence; wise fool; joyful sadness
Oxymoron
a form of metaphor or simile in which no human things, objects ,plants, animals, forces of nature, abstract ideas are given human qualities
ex) the sun beams smiled down upon us and danced happily as we walked through the park
Personification
a figure of speech in which two things are compared using like or as
ex) what happens to a dream differed? does it dry up like a raisin in the sun
-LH
Simile
anything that stands for something else
ex) a circle is symbolic of life the world unity; the American flag stands for democracy freedom etc
Symbol
the repetition of the same word or a group of words at the beginning of a successive clause sentence or lines
ex) 4 yr old " and then.....and then.....and then,,,etc
Anaphora
discordant sounds in the jarring juxtaposition of harsh letter syllables ; sometimes inadvertent but often deliberately used and poetry for effect
ex) crawling sprawling breaching spokes of stones
Cacophony
harmony or beauty of sound that provides a pleasing effect to the ear usually sought form poetry for effect. it is achieved not only by selection of individual word sounds but also by the relationship in the repetition proximity in flow of sound pattern
Euphony
in poetry the harmonious use of language relative to the variations of stress and pitch.
process in which a stress value in accent can be increased or decreased within a fixed metrical pattern
Modulation
sound suggestiveness the occasion of particular word sounds with common areas of meaning so that other words of similar sounds come to be associated with those meanings
"symbolism"
Phonetic Symbolism