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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
speaker
a voice in the poem that talks to the reader
diction
an author's choice of words and the arrangement of those words in phrases, sentences, or lines of a poem
denotation
the literal meaning or dictionary definition
connotation
the unspoken or unwritten meanings associated with a word beyond it's dictionary definition or denotation
figurative language
language used for descriptive effect, often to imply ideas indirectly
simile
a figure of speech usiing like or as to compare or equates two or more things that have something in common
implied metaphor
not directly stated
personification
attributes human characteristics to an animal, object, or idea
symbol
an object, person, place or an experience that represents something else, usually something abstract
rhythm
the pattern of sound created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line
meter
a regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables, which sets the overall rhythm of certain poems
rhyme
repitition of the same stressed vowel sound and any succeeding sounds in 2 or more words
end rhyme
occurs at the ends of lines
internal rhyme
occurs within a line of poetry
onomatopoeia
use of a word or phrase that imitates or suggests the sound of what it describes
alliteration
repitition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
assonance
repitition of vowel sounds within a line of poetry
parallelism
the use of a series of words, phrases, or sentences that have similar grammatical form
structure
the orginization of images, ideas, words, and lines through the use of rhythm, rhyme, repetition, or stanzas
sonnet
a lyric poem of 14 lines, almost always written in iambic pentameter and usually following strict patterns of stanza division and rhyme
octave
eight lines of a poem together
sestet
6 lines of a poem together
quatrain
4 lines put together
couplet
2 lines put together
free verse
poetry with no fixed pattern or meter, rhyme, line length, or stanza arrangement
tone
a reflection of a writer's or speaker's attitude toward the subject of the poem
lyric poetry
expresses the personal thoughts and feelings of the speaker
narrative poetry
verse taht tells a story
dramatic poetry
1 or more characters who speak to other characters, to themselves, or to the reader