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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
giving lifelike qualities to inanimate objects
personification
stating something in such a way that the exact opposite is implied
irony
extreme exaggeration to create effect
hyperbole
speaking directly to an absent person or a lifeless object as if it could reply
apostrophe
understatement by substitutions a softer or more, pleasant term for a shocking or unpleasant one
euphemism
a comparison using like or as
simile
a direct comparison without the use of like or as
metaphor
substituting a term associated with another for the original term
metonymy
using contrasting expressions balanced against each other
antithesis
a symbol is something that represents something else
symbolism
an expression contradictory in meaning yet readily understood such as "awfully good" or "important trivia"
oxymoron
is the use of words whose sound suggests the meaning (words that imitate sounds). "The sea was moaning and sighing and saying, "Hush."
onomatopoeia
generalization about a human experience, e.g, don't bite off more than you can chew
proverbs
using similar words to the intended ones, but using it the wrong way
malapropism
sound effects with the repeating of the same syllable, e.g., lulu, baabaa
tautonymic expressions
repetition of same consonant sound at the beginning of several words or accented syllables. "The fair breeze blew, the white foam flew, the furrow followed free."
alliteration
repetition of same vowel sound in a series of syllables. "Birds and a white light." "In the back of my mind to guide me."
assonance
repetition of consonant sounds at the end of words although vowels preceeding them differ. e.g., strokes and luck, have "k" sound.
consonance
some words may be thought of as small poems within themselves since they have inner rhyme.
inner rhyme