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32 Cards in this Set

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What types of respiratory disorders can chest pain result from?
Pleuarl Inflamation, Inflamation of the chostocondral junctions, soreness of the chest muscles because of coughing, or indigestion. Less common causes of pain include rib or vertebral fx. caused by coughing or osteoporosis.
Inflamation...Where??
What questions do you ask a patient about chest pain?
1. Where is the pain exactly?
2. What does it feel like? (sharp, stabbing, burning, aching)
3. Does it move to another area?
4. How long does it last?
5. What causes it to occur?
6. What makes it better>
What causes respiratory alkalosis?
HYPERventalation
INCREASED EXHALATION of CARBON DIOXIDE
Joey is what??
What questions do you ask about sputum?
1. Approx. what amnt. of sputum did you produce?
2. What time of day do you cough most often?
3. What's the color and consistency?
4. If sputum is a chronic problem, has it changed recently? How has it changed?
WHO WHAT WHERE WHEN HOW HOW MUCH
What is respiratory acidocis caused by?
HYPOventilation- CARBON DIOXIDE retention
Joey is NOT
Questions to ask about a cough.
1. Is it productive?
2. If the cough is chronic, has it changed recently?
3. HOW has it changed?
4. What makes the cough better?
5. What makes it worse?
If a pt. wheezes, what questions should be asked?
1. At what time of day does your wheezing occur?
2. What makes you wheeze?
3. Do you wheeze loudly enough for others to hear?
4. what helps to stop your wheezing?
Left Lung
L Lung is smaller and has only an upper and lower lobe
Right Lung
R Lung is larger and has 3 lobes: upper, middle and lower
BESIDES the lungs,what else is in the THORACIC CAVITY?
The heart, Great vessels, trachea, esophagus and bronchi
What is the VISCERAL PLEURA?
Each lung is wrapped in a lining called the VISCERAL PLEURA
WHAT is the SURFACTANT or PLEURAL FLUID?
It is fluid between the layers of the pleura that allows the layers of the PLEURA to slide smoothly over one another as the chest expands and contracts
What is IN the PARIETAL PLEURA that transmits pain signals when inflamation occurs?
NERVE ENDINGS
What makes the IMPULSES from the PHRENIC NERVE adjust?
Levels of Carbon Dioxide and pH in CEREBROSPINAL FLUID
Which Nerve adjusts the rate and depth of breathing?
The PHRENIC NERVE
What INITIATES breathing?
The MEDULLA initiates each breath by sending messages to primary respiratory muscles
What is the purpose of the upper airways?
To warm, filter and humidify inhaled air. They also help make sound and send air to the lower airways.
What is the EPIGLOTTIS?
a FLAP of tissue that closes over the top of the larynx when the pt. swallows. Protects pt. from aspirating food or fluid into the lower airways.
What is the LARYNX?
The LATYNX is located at the top of the trachea and houses the VOCAL CHORDS. It's the transition point between the upper and lower airways.
What structures are contained in the upper airway?
NOSE- nasopharnyx
mouth- oropharynx
laryngopharynx
larynx
What is the VISCERAL PLEURA?
Each lung is wrapped in a lining called the VISCERAL PLEURA
WHAT is the SURFACTANT or PLEURAL FLUID?
It is fluid between the layers of the pleura that allows the layers of the PLEURA to slide smoothly over one another as the chest expands and contracts
What is IN the PARIETAL PLEURA that transmits pain signals when inflamation occurs?
NERVE ENDINGS
What makes the IMPULSES from the PHRENIC NERVE adjust?
Levels of Carbon Dioxide and pH in CEREBROSPINAL FLUID
Which Nerve adjusts the rate and depth of breathing?
The PHRENIC NERVE
What INITIATES breathing?
The MEDULLA initiates each breath by sending messages to primary respiratory muscles
What is the purpose of the upper airways?
To warm, filter and humidify inhaled air. They also help make sound and send air to the lower airways.
What is the EPIGLOTTIS?
a FLAP of tissue that closes over the top of the larynx when the pt. swallows. Protects pt. from aspirating food or fluid into the lower airways.
What is the LARYNX?
The LATYNX is located at the top of the trachea and houses the VOCAL CHORDS. It's the transition point between the upper and lower airways.
What structures are contained in the upper airway?
NOSE- nasopharnyx
mouth- oropharynx
laryngopharynx
larynx
What are the primary muscles used in breathing?
The DIAPHRAM and EXTERNAL INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES
What is included in the BONY THORAX?
The clavicles, sternum, scapula, 12 sets of ribs, 12 thoracic vertabrae