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39 Cards in this Set

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Externalities
The benefits or costs of goods experienced by those who do not own them (private goods) or have not contributed to them (collective or public goods)
Common-pool resources (CPRs)
Natural resources that do not fall under any state’s sovereign jurisdiction and are therefore available to all
Sustainable development
The pursuit of human, economic, and social development while at the same time preserving the ecological systems on which development depends
Neo-malthusians
Ecosystem is fragile and therefore difficult to control and manage. When we try to control it, we damage it
Neo-malthusians are...
inclusionists
Malthus warned of...
a looming demographic disaster if population growth rates continued to outpace the growth in food supplies
Cornucopians
Have an abiding faith in market mechanisms, which promote the more efficient use of scarce resources and encourage the substitution of more abundant resources before scarcities become too disruptive
Cornucopians are...
exclusionists
exclusionists
Humans are effectively outside the confines of the global ecostructure and are able to manipulate its limits through scientific advance and technological development
Fukuyama’s End of History argument
Says we are entering the end of man’s ideological evolution
Fukuyama’s End of History says history was...
...a battle of ideas
Fukuyama’s End of History reverses...
causality between ideas and the material world
Fukuyama’s End of History says what drives material world?
ideas and consciousness
2 fallacies of materialism
Marxism, the Wall Street Journal School
Fukuyama’s End of History is an attack on...
...realism
public goods
non-excludable, non-divisible
private good
excludable, finite
Forced Riders Solutions for CPRs
Just as a free rider cannot be excluded from collective benefits, forced rides can’t avoid negative outcomes from “collective bads”
forced rider solution is an example of...
...vulnerability
an example of unsustainable development is...
environmental degradation
who emphasizes exponential growth?
malthus
stage 1 of population growth
High death and birth rates, no steady growth
what stage describes the world through most of history
stage 1
stage 2 of population growth
Birth rates steady, death rates decline because of advances in medicine
stage 3 of population growth
Continuing decrease in death rates, decline in birth rates, but population keeps growing
stage 4 of population growth
Equal births and deaths
what is the population stgae today?
4
Paradox of Production
Increase in production by one player may make it worse off, and make others better off
Kyoto Protocol
An international CPR on climate change that emphasizes common but differentiated responsibility
Fukuyama’s End of History
There can be no serious competitor to Western liberalism as an organizing principle for modern society
what is Fukuyama an example of?
democratic peace
who does Fukuyama say war will involve?
pre-history countries
how does mueller explain the long peace?
we are getting smart
costs of war can be divided into...
material, psychic
what does mueller say war is?
an idea that can be argued against
what is mearsheimer trying to do?
explain the Cold War and then use that to predict what will happen post-Cold War
what 3 things does mearsheimer say the cold war was caused by?
bipolarity, balance/equality, nuclear weapons
what does huntington argue?
a culture class is comong between civilizations
2 kinds of conflict between civilizations to huntington
fault lines (micro), civilization-states (macro