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22 Cards in this Set

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xylem
• plant vascular tissue that carries water and minerals from the roots up through a plant and that also helps to support a plant
phloem
• plant vascular tissue that carries food
root
• a structure in vascular plants whose main functions are typically absorption and anchorage
stem
• a structure in vascular plants whose main functions are typically to carry materials between the roots and leaves and to support the plant
leaf
• a structure in vascular plants whose main function is typically photosynthesis
photosynthesis
• the food-making process that involves chlorophyll, in which light energy is used to make food (glucose) from carbon dioxide and water
cone
• in plants, a reproductive structure of a gymnosperm
flower
• a reproductive structure of an angiosperm
ovule
• a structure in a female cone or flower that contains an eggs cell and develops into a seed
pollen
• tiny grains that can be thought of as containing sperm cells, which are produced by male cones and flowers
pollination
• the process by which pollen is carried from male reproductive structures to female reproductive structures
angiosperm
• a plant whose seeds are contained in an ovary
gymnosperm
• a plant whose seeds are not contained in an ovary
sepal
• a leaflike structure that protects a developing flower
petal
• a colorful leaflike flower structure that serves to attract pollinators
stamen
• a male reproductive organ in a flower, which consists of a filament topped by a pollen-producing anther
pistil
• a female reproductive organ in a flower, which consists of a stigma, style, and ovule-containing ovary
fruit
• a ripened ovary of a plant that encloses and protects the seed or seeds
annual
• a plant that completes its life cycle within one growing season
biennial
• a plant that completes its life cycle in two years
perennial
• a plant that lives for many years
tropism
• in plants, the growth of a plant toward or away from a stimulus