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33 Cards in this Set

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Cuticle
a waxy layer that covers the surface of stems, leaves, and other plant parts exposed to air
radicle
part of a plant embryo that forms around the root of the young plant
sepals
leaflike structures that cover and protect an immature flower
petal
the often colorful structures on a flower that are usually involved in attracting pollinators
Vascular plant
a plant that has xylem and phloem, specialized tissues that move materials from one part of the plant to another
hypocotyl
part of the embryo plant and is found between the cotyledons & radicle
pistil
female reproductive structure in a flower that consists of a stigma, a style, and an ovary
pollen
the dustlike particles that carry the male gametophtes of seed plants
Nonvascular plant
a plant that depends on diffusion and osmosis to move materials from one part of the plant to another
embryo
an organism in the earliest stage of development
stigma
the flower part that is the tip of the pistil
pollination
the transfer of pollen to the female cone in confiers or to the stigma in angiosperms
Gymnosperm
a plant that produces seedsm but does not produce flowers
seed coat
protective covering of a seed from a flowering plant
style
an extension of the flower's ovary, shaped like a stalk, that support the stigma
fertilization
process of enabling reproduction by pollination or insemination
Angiosperm
a plant that prduces seeds in flowers
cotyledon
a seed leaf inside a seed
ovary
the structure that contains ovules and will develop into fruit following fertilization
epidermis
outermost layer of cells covering roots, stems, leaves, and flower parts
Brassica rapa
widely cultivated plant that has a large fleshy edible white or yellow root
root hair
a fine growth from the outer cells of a plant root that looks like a hair and absorbs nutrients
stamen
the male reproductive structure in the flower that consists of a filament topped by a pollen-producing anther
photosynthesis
process where plants capture light energy from the sun and convert it into sugar
Germination
to start to grow from a seed
xylem
a specialized plant tissue that transports water and minerals from one part of the plant to another
seed
a plant part produced by sexual reproduction that contains the embryo
phloem
a specialized plant tissue that transports sugar molecules from one part of the plant to another
Anther
a male flower part at the top part of a stamen and holding the pollen in sacs
stomata
openings in the epidermis of a leaf that allow carbon dioxide to enter the leaf and allow water and oxygen to leave the leaf
flower
a colored, sometimes scented, part of a plant that contains reproductive organs
monocot
One coteyldon
[Petals are found in mutiples of 3]
Dicot
Two coteyldons
[Petals are found in multiples 2,4 &5.]