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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
gamete producing plant
gametophyte
spore producing plant
sporophyte
nonvascular plant
bryophyte
long thin cells that anchor plants in the ground and absorb water and minerals from surrounding soil
rhizoid
small multicellular spheres that contain many haploid cells
gemmae
tangled green filaments
protonema
sperm whip-like tails are produced here
antheridia
egg cells are produced here
archegonia
a type of tissue that is specialized to conduct water and nutrients through the body of the plant
vascular tissue
hollow plant cell in xylem tissue with thick cell walls that resist pressure
tracheid
a form of vascular tissue that carries water upward from the roots to every part of that plant
xylem
transports solutions of nutrients and carbohydrates produced from photosynthesis
phloem
underground organs that absorb water and minerals
roots
photosynthetic organs that contain one or more bundles of vascular tissue
leaves
vascular tissue gathered made of xylem and phloem
veins
supporting structures that connect roots and leaves, carry water and nutrients between them
stems
creeping underground stems
rhizomes
large leaves on ferns
fronds
tiny containers
sporangia
sporangia are grouped in clusters
sori
bear their seeds directly on surface of cones
gymnosperms
bear their seeds within a layer of tissue that protects the seed
angiosperms
seed bearing structures of gymnosperms
cone
seed bearing structures of angiosperms
flowers
entire male gametophyte is contained in tiny structure
pollen grain
embryo of a plant that is encased in a protective covering and surrounded by a food supply
seed
early developmental stage of the sporophyte plant
embryo
surrounds and protects embryo and keeps the contents of the seed from drying out
seed coat
thick wall of tissue surrounding seed
fruit
one seed leaf
monocot
two seed leaf
dicot
cotyledon
seed leaves
life cycle with one growing season
annual
complete life cycle in two years
biennial
plants that live for more than two years
perennial