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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anterior
Front, in front of, towards the front of the body.
Opposite: posterior
Posterior
Back, behind, after, following, toward the rear.
Opposite: anterior
Distal
Away from the body; away from the joint closest to the body, farthest from the axial skeleton, usually used in limbs. (fingertips distal to wrist, shin distal to thigh)
Opposite: proximal
Proximal
Near, nearest to the axial skeleton, usually used in limbs.
Opposite: distal
Dorsal
Back, toward the back. ex dorsal fin.
Opposite: ventral, also plantar, palmar, volar.
Ventral
Toward the bottom, toward the belly.
Opposite: dorsal
Palmar
palm surface of the hand (volar)
Opposite: dorsal
Plantar
Sole surface of the foot (volar)
Opposite: dorsal
Superior
Above, top, over, toward head on human.
Opposite: inferior
Inferior
Below, under
Opposite: superior
Cranial
In area of head
Opposite: caudal
Caudal
Toward tail
Opposite: cranial
Medial
Toward midline of body/feature, middle, away from the side.
Opposite: lateral
Lateral
Toward side, away from midline
Opposite: medial
External
outside, outer
Opposite: internal
Internal
Inside, inner surface
Opposite: external
Sagittal Plane
divides body into left and right regions
Coronal Plane
divides body into anterior and posterior regions
Transverse Plane
Divides body into superior and inferior regions