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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Factors that limit our sensory experience
Motivation
Absolute threshold
Noise
Sensory adaptation
Behavioral Effects of Sleep Deprivation
Hallucinations
Omissions
Memory lapses
Mood swings
Attentional deficits
Response time increases

Ciradian Rhythm Disruption = OMMAR
Classical Conditioning(acquire)
Acquire-
US = UR
NS+US=UR
CS=CR
Operant Conditioning(acquire)
Acquire-
continuous reinforcement
shaping
Observational Learning(acquire)
Acquire-

Attention
Retention
Reproduction
Motivation

Choose Model-
social Power
Avoidance of Punishment
Vicarious Reinforcement
status Envy
Similarity to learner
Secondary reinforcer
Types of stress
Frustration
Conflict
Change
Pressure
Stages of General Adaptation Syndrome
Alarm Stage
Resistance Stage
Exhaustion Stage
Steps for reducing stress
Problem Solving
Exercise
Social Support
Imagery
Relaxation Techniques
Developement of Prejudice
Socialization
Competition
Frustration
In-group vs. Out-group
Maintenance of Prejudice
Biases in attribution
Stereotyping and person perception
operant conditioning
Reducing prejudice
Norms of Equality
Interdependence and Cooperation
Close Sustained Contact
Equal Status
Components of the Achievement Motive
Sports Illustrated is For Fun
-Situational Determinants
Estimated probability of Success
Incentive Value

-Individual Differences
Expect to succeed
Future oriented/delay gratification
Hard workers

-Fear of Failure (motivates us to succeed)
Freud’s Defense Mechanisms
Displacement
Reaction Formation
Projection
Rationalization
Identification
Denial
Regression
Repression
“DR PRIDe RR
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
Exists when related cognitions are inconsistent; they contradict each other.

Inconsistency
Tension
Reduction of Tension
-Alter cognitions
-Effort Justification
Psychological Reactance Theory
Restriction- unfair and unjust
Reactance- desire is more than before object or behavior is restricted.
Result- Subject will seek the restricted object
Self-Perception Theory
Neutral attitude toward object
Behavior is performed
Absence of external factors(threats/rewards)
Develop an attitude toward object.
Not BAD
key processes in memory
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
Sensory Memory(capacity)
Capacity - large but only 1sec
Types of Memory
Sensory Memory
Working or Short-term Memory
Long Term Memory
Working or Short Term Memory(encoded by)
Working Memory
Encoded by -
Sensory Gating
Selective Attention
Long Term Memory(encoded by)
Encoded by -
ELABORATIVE REHEARSAL
Mnemonics
Context
Imagery
Meaning
Organization
Classical Conditioning(maintain)
Maintain-
Periodically Pair the conditioned stimulus and the unconditioned stimulus
Classical Conditioning(stop or modify)
Stop or Modify-

Extinction - pairing the CS without the UCS
Counter-Conditioning - Pairing the CS with a new UCS
Operant Conditioning(maintain)
Maintain-
Partial Reinforcement Schedules
Periodic Pos/Neg Reinforcement
Operant Conditioning(stop or modify)
Stop or Modify-
Punishment
Extinction
Observational Learning(maintain)
Maintain-
Reinforcement
-Direct
-Vicarious
-Intrinsic
Observational Learning(stop or modify)
Stop or Modify-
Punishment
-Direct
-Vicarious
Provide new role model
Sensory Memory(lost by)
Lost by - Decay
Working or Short Term Memory(capacity)
Capacity -
7+-2 chunks
20-30 sec
Working or Short Term Memory(lost by)
Lost by -
Decay
Displacement
Working or Short Term Memory(maintained by)
Maintained by -
Maintenance Rehearsal
Chunking
Long Term Memory(capacity)
Capacity -
Infinite Capacity
Indefinite Duration
Long Term Memory(lost by)
Lost by -
Motivated Forgetting
Interference
Long Term Memory(retrieval)
Retrieval -
Recall
Recognition