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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Dorsal
Back Side
Anterior
Towards the head
Medial
Center
Distal
Distant from the center
Ventral
Belly's side
Posterior
Towards the rear
Lateral
Sides
Proximal
Towards the center
Fascia
A layer of fibrous tissue that surrounds muscles, group of muscles...
Salivary Glands
Produces saliva through the ducts of the mouth. Coats the food, initiating the breakdown of starch by amylase and making food slimy.
Palate
Roof the the mouth. Separates the oral cavity and the nasal cavity
Nasopharynx
Where the air passage joins the throat
Glottis
Opening through which the air must pass to enter the tube to the lungs (trachea)
Epiglottis
Glottis is covered by a group of tissues when swallowing. Prevents choking on food.
Esophagus
Tube which food moves down.
Diaphragm
A muscular sheet that separates the upper thoracic cavity from the lower abdominal cavity.
Viscera
Contents of the body cavity
Liver
Stores glycogen (animal starch). It takes up sugar, amino acids, and other chemicals. It is an organ of temporary energy storage regulation of blood sugar. It also removes excess amino acids and converts them to urea, which is removed through the kidneys.
Alveoli
Divided air cavities that are found only in adult pigs
Respiratory System
Lungs, trachea and nasal passage.
Thymus Glands
Whitish glands which help fights infections.
Thyroid Glands
Regulates metabolism, growth and development.
Spleen
Stores blood cells - part of the immune system
Chyme
HCl lowers the pH of chyme to about pH 2 to help start the breakdown of proteins. Part of the stomach
Pyloric Schincter
Regulates passage into the small intestine.
Pancreas
Strongly alkaline. Raises the pH of digestive chyme that was lowered in the stomach (pH 2).
Gall Bladder
Stores bile, which is composed of dead blood cells and bile salts.
Spleen
Stores blood cells - part of the immune system
Caecum
Rumination of food that animal does not have enzymes to break down.
Chyme
HCl lowers the pH of chyme to about pH 2 to help start the breakdown of proteins. Part of the stomach
Pyloric Schincter
Regulates passage into the small intestine.
Tissues
A group of cells with a common structure and function - held together by extracellular material so that the tissue forms a physical component of an organ
4 Main Groups of Tissues
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle and Nerve Tissues.
Pancreas
Strongly alkaline. Raises the pH of digestive chyme that was lowered in the stomach (pH 2).
Gall Bladder
Stores bile, which is composed of dead blood cells and bile salts.
Epithelial Cells
Forms a sheet of tissue that cover the outside f the body and that within the body line organs, cavities and vasculature. They tend to free passage of materials from one side of the epithelium to the other. Keeps pathogens out and bodily fluids in. The epithelium of our small intestine moves food in one direction while keeping unwanted material and microorganisms out.
Caecum
Rumination of food that animal does not have enzymes to break down.
Simple
One layer of cells
Tissues
A group of cells with a common structure and function - held together by extracellular material so that the tissue forms a physical component of an organ
4 Main Groups of Tissues
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle and Nerve Tissues.
Epithelial Cells
Forms a sheet of tissue that cover the outside f the body and that within the body line organs, cavities and vasculature. They tend to free passage of materials from one side of the epithelium to the other. Keeps pathogens out and bodily fluids in. The epithelium of our small intestine moves food in one direction while keeping unwanted material and microorganisms out.
Simple
One layer of cells
Stratified
Series of cell layers
Cuboidal
Cells are roughly cube shaped.
Columnar
Tall cell
Squamous
Flat cell