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45 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
1. What are neums?
They were symbols used by conductors to have music flow

They were the beginnings of notes
2. Who was Guido d'Arezzo?

What did he do?
He started to system of doh,reh,me,fah,etc...

There were four lines with yellow being the first (doh) and the next red (fah)

The fourth line was used in church and the fifth line came when music went outside the church
3. Describe whole, half, and quarter note.
Whole note (semi breve): four counts

Half note: two counts

Quarter note: one count
4. Describe the keys on the piano.
White and black keys (grouped in two's and three's)

Down is to the left and up is to the right
5. How many keys are there?

What is the lowest? the highest?
88 keys

Lowest: A
Highest: C
6. What is an octave?
The distance from one key on the keyboard to the next key (lower or higher) with the same letter name
7. What are dynamic signs?

What are the four dynamic signs?
They tell how loud or soft to play a note

Forte: loud
Piano: soft
Mezzo Forte: moderately loud
Mezzo Piano: moderately soft
8. What are the different types of repeating endings?
1. means play first time only

2. play second time only

:|| repeat sign
9. What is the dotted half note?
Means to play for that notes value plus one half its value

3 counts (half + quarter note)
10. What are rests?

What are three types of rests?
They are signs for silence

Quarter rest ( ): 1 count
Half rest ( ): 2 counts
*seated on third line
Whole rest ( ): 4 counts
*hangs on fourth line
11. What is time signature?

What does it mean?
Numbers at the beginning of music

2 = how many notes are in measure
4 = kind of note in measure
12. What are those bars in music?
They are bar lines and indicate a measure (or bar) of music
13. What numbers are given to the three types of notes?
whole note : 1

half note : 1/2

quarter note: 1/4
14. What is the dance signature or waltz time?
3
4
15. What is music written on?
It's written on a staff of 5 lines and 4 spaces
16. What is the treble (or G) clef?
A sign that locates the G above middle C

Sign came from the letter G
17. What is the bass (or F) clef?
A sign that locates the F below middle C
18. What is the Grand Staff?
The bass staff and the treble staff joined together by a brace
19. What is a ledger line?
A line used between the two staffs for middle C

Leger lines are also used above and below the grand staff to extend its range
20. Where does middle C appear?
On a ledger line between the treble and bass clef

It can be played with either RH or LH
31. What does crescendo (cresc.) mean?

What is the sign
Gradually louder

<
32. What does diminuendo (dim.) mean?

What is another name? What is the sign?
Gradually softer
(decrescendo or decresc.)

>
33. What is C?
Common Time 4
4
34. What is ritardando (rit.)
Means play gradually slowing
35. What does fine mean?

What does D.C. (de capo) al Fine mean?
Fine = end

D.C. al Fine = repeat from beginning and play to Fine
36. What is staccato?
A dot above or under a note

It means to play the note very short
37. What is a step?
A step is the distance from any line note to the very next space note above or below
OR
From any space note to the very next line note
38. What is a skip?
The distance from any space note to the very next space note above or below
OR
from any line note to the very next line note
39. What is a tie?
Two notes of the same pitch joined by a curved line and held for the combined values of both notes
40. What is a slur?
A curved line over or under notes of different pitches that joins them and means to play legato
41. What does legato mean?
It means to play smoothly and connectedly

It is used to phrase music
42. What does melodically mean?
It means to play one note after another
43. What does harmonically mean?
It means to play two notes together
44. What is an interval?
The distance in pitch between two notes or keys

two letters: 2nd interval
three letters: 3rd
45. What are melodic intervals?
Distance between notes or keys that are played seperately
46. What are harmonic intervals?
Distances between notes or keys that are played together
47. What is unison?
same note
48. What is tempo?

What are tempo marks?
Tempo means "rate of speed"

Tempo marks are words indicating the tempo used in playing music
49. What are the four tempo marks?
Allegro: quickly, happily

Moderato: moderately

Andante: moving along (walking)

Adagio: slowly
50. What is transposition?
Playing music in a different key from the original
51. What does a sharp sign mean?
Play the next key to the right whether black or white

Raises a note half a step in pitch
When a sharp appears before a note, it applies to that note for the rest of the measure
52. What does a flat sign mean?
Play the next key to the left, whether black or white

Lowers a note half a step in pitch
53. What does a natural sign mean?
It cancels a sharp or flat

A note after a natural sign is always a white key
44. What are accidentals?
Signs used to modify pitch
45. What is a half step?

What is a whole step?
Half step (semitone) is the key directly next
*E to F & C to B are only natural half steps

Whole step (tone) would be F to G