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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The root of a tooth is covered by...
cementum
The crown of a tooth is covered by...
enamel
Cuspids are pointed teeth that are adapted for tearing and shredding. TRUE/FALSE
TRUE
Parietal cells secrete...
HCL acid
Chief cells secrete...
pepsinogen
Enteroendocrine cells of the stomach secrete...
gastrin
The portion of the stomach that connects to the esophagus is the...
cardia
The large area of the stomach between the fundus and the J curve is the...
body
The prominent ridges in the lining of the stomach are called...
rugae
The greater omentum is...
a fatty sheet that hangs like an apron over the abdominal viscera
Gastric pits are...
pockets in the lining of the stomach that contain secretory cells
The enzyme pepsin digests...
proteins
A proteinase that is produced in the stomachs of newborn infants and that functions in the digestion of milk protein is...
rennin
Lacteals carry products of digestion that will not pass through the walls of blood capillaries. TRUE/FALSE
TRUE
Plicae and intestinal villi...
increase the surface area of the mucosa of the small intestine
Submucosal glands that secrete mucus are characteristic of the...
duodenum
The duodenal ampulla is formed by the fusion of the...
common bile duct and the pancreatic duct
The plicae circulares acheive maximum size and the villi are most developed in the...
jejunum
Peyers patches are characteristic of the...
ileum
List 4 factors that enhance the absorptive ability of the small intestine.
1. plicae circulares
2. microvilli
3. intestinal movements
4. the villi
Plicae circulares are...
transverse folds in the mucosa and submucosa of the small intestine.
An intestinal hormone that stimulates the secretion of the duodenal glands is...
enterocrinin
What is secretin?
It is an intestinal hormone that stimulates the pancreas to release a watery secretion that is high in bicarbonate ion.
An intestinal hormone that stimulates the gallbladder to release bile is...
cholecystokinin
An intestinal hormone that stimulates the release of insulin from the pancreatic islet cells is...
gastric inhibitory peptide(GIP)
An intestinal hormone that stimulates parietal cells and chief cells in the stomach to secret is...
intestinal gastrin
The enzyme enterokinase...
activates protein digesting enzymes.
The human liver is composed of____ lobes.
4
The fusion of the hepatic duct and the cystic duct forms the...
common bile duct
In the center of a liver lobule there is a ...
central vein
The exocrine portion of the pancreas is composed of...
pancreatic acini
The basic functional unit of the liver is the...
lobule
Hepatocytes are arranged within a lobule of the liver into a series of plates radiating outward from a central vein. TRUE/FALSE
TRUE.
The Kupffer cells of the liver...
are phagocytic
List 5 enzymic substances that are produced by the pancreas.
1.lipases
2. amylases
3. nucleases
4. peptidases
5. proteinases
The exocrine portion of the pancreas is composed of...
pancreatic acini
The basic functional unit of the liver is the...
lobule
Hepatocytes are arranged within a lobule of the liver into a series of plates radiating outward from a central vein. TRUE/FALSE
TRUE.
The Kupffer cells of the liver...
are phagocytic
List 5 substances that are produced by the pancreas.
1.lipases
2. amylases
3. nucleases
4. peptidases
5. proteinases
The pancreas produces____ digesting enzymes in the form of proenzymes.
protein
The structure that marks the division between the right and left lobes of the liver is the...
falciform ligament
During the cephalic phase of gastric secretion...
there is an increased flow of action potentials along the vagus nerve to the stomach.
The gastroileal reflex...
makes room for more intestinal contents by moving some chyme to the colon
Digested materials move across the intestinal wall by 4 methods. What are they?
active transport
diffusion
facilitated diffusion
cotransport
At the hepatic flexure, the colon becomes the...
transverse colon
The last 15cm of the digestive tract is the...
rectum
Haustra are...
external pouches of the colon
The taeniae coli are...
three longitudinal bands of muscle located beneath the serosa of the colon
The saclike structure that joins the ileum at the ileocecal valve is the...
cecum