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34 Cards in this Set

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cytoplasm vs cytosol
plasm contains all the organelles
rough ER vs free ribosomes
rough ER invovled in proteins that are either secreted out of the cell, membrane bound, or secreted to another organelle NOT IN THE CYTOPLASM
describe the path of a protein
synthesized in RER, packaged and budding with SER, transported to golgi where it is sorted and processed, buds from golgi and then out
What is the snare protein attached to the golgi? it attaches to what?
vesicle snare ( v snare ), the t snare ( on the Target )
pinocytosis
non-selective uptake, "cell drinking"
primary enzyme of the peroxisome
catalase
main function of the peroxisome
detoxification
cristae
inner foldings of a membrane (mitochondria)
glycolysis produces a ____, which is converted to ATP inside the mitochondria
pyruvic acid
microtubules are the biggest filament, and are made of the base protein_____
tubulin
on the cytoskeleton, Kinesin = ____, Dynein = _____
exocytosis, endocytosis
complement proteins
part of INNATE immunity and the cascade attack
Humoral Immunity - which type of cells?
B CELLS
Cell-mediated immunity ? which type of cells
T CELLS
which immune system defends against intracellular microbes?
the T cells, kills internalized things

B cells are for intercellular
What cells can activate complement?
the B Cells
helper T Cell vs Cytolytic
the cytolytic kills directly by binding to antigen
example of an antigen presenter
macrophage
etiology
the cause of the disease, how did it start?
pathogenesis
the mechanism of the development of the disease
morphologic change
what you can see, structural alteration
ischemia
decreased blood flow to the heart
hypoxia
leads to generation of reactiv eoxygen species that can cause protein damage and DNA damage within cell
loss of calcium homeostasis will
cause cell to shut down
hyperplasia, metaplasia
increase in cell number, change in cell type
hypertrophy
NO NEW CELLS, just enlarged due to an inresae in the synthesis of structural proteins and organelles
example of metaplasia?
columnar vs stratified squamous in esophagus
apoptosis, identifiable how?
cell suicide - DNA is uniformly chopped up
what tissues are not capable of regeneration? Only --
brain, cardiac, skeletal muscle--- Scarring (fibrous repair)
charge on proteins?
highly negative
what sort of diffusion is water?
facilitated
osmoles are based on
dissociation
Na+/Glucose is an example of a
COTRANSPORTER
Where can simple cuboidal epithelium be found?
anterior lens, anterior myoepithelium of iris