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### 34 Cards in this Set

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 RAW: AIRWAY RESISTANCE: normal airway resistance in a healthy adult; NV = .5 TO 2.5 H2O/L/sec BREATHS PER MINUTE: 12-20 BPM NORMAL TIDAL VOLUME (VT): 5-7 ML PER KG OF IDEAL BODY WEIGHT (ML/KG) ANATOMICAL DEAD SPACE: 1 ML PER EVERY POUND OF IDEAL BODY WEIGHT (do not convert to Kg) PH: 7.35 - 7.45 PA CO2: partial pressure of CO2 in the alveoli. NV = 35-45 mmHg HCo3 (Bicarbonate): 22-26 mEq/L BE (Base excess): -2 to +2 SaO2: >95% PaO2: partial pressure of oxygen in the arteries; NV = 80-100 mmHg mild hypoxemia: PaO2 = 60-80 mmHg moderate hypoxemia: PaO2 = 40-60 mmHg severe hypoxemia: PaO2 < 40 mmHg Hb: hemoglobin; NV = 12 - 16 g/dl (grams of hemoglobin per deciliter of blood) PeCO2 (partial pressure of exhaled oxygen): 5-10 mmHg < PaCO2 Vd/ Vt: dead space per tidal volume: .2 to .4 (20% to 40% of every breath) Barometric Pressure (PB): 760 mmHg HEART RATE: 60-100 BEATS PER MINUTE PVO2: partial pressure of O2 in the veins. NV= 40 mmHg PVCO2: partial pressure of CO2 in the veins: NV = 46 mmHg CARBON MONOXIDE IN THE BLOOD (CO): 0 - ZERO V/Q: (VENTILATION / PERFUSION RATIO): NV = 1.0 OR 1/1 SaO2: Saturation of O2 in the blood by hemoglobin in the arteries NV = >95% VCO2: CO2 production at the cellular level; NV = 200 mL per minute VO2: O2 consumption at the cellular level; NV = 250 mL per minute HbO2: Amount of oxyhemoglobin in the blood; NV = 20.1 ml/dl PH2O: Partial pressure of H2O in the body (water vapor tension); NV = 47 mmHg PAN2: Partial pressure of N2 in the alveoli; NV = 573 mmHg Hb cc: O2 carrying capacity of hemoglobin; NV = 1.34 ml of O2 In whole blood, each gram of HB can carry approximately: 1.34 ml of oxygen P50: The partial pressure of oxygen at which the HB is 50% saturated NV = 26.6 mmHg Anion gap norms: Cations: K+ ______ Na+ _______ K+ 3.5 - 5.5 mEq/L Na+ 137-147 mEq/L Anion gap norms: Anions: Cl: HCO3: Cl: 95-105 mEq/L HCO3: 22-26 mEq/L Qt: Cardiac output- NV - 4 - 8 L/min