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34 Cards in this Set

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RAW:
AIRWAY RESISTANCE: normal airway resistance in a healthy adult;
NV = .5 TO 2.5 H2O/L/sec
BREATHS PER MINUTE:
12-20 BPM
NORMAL TIDAL VOLUME (VT):
5-7 ML PER KG OF IDEAL BODY WEIGHT (ML/KG)
ANATOMICAL DEAD SPACE:
1 ML PER EVERY POUND OF IDEAL BODY WEIGHT (do not convert to Kg)
PH:
7.35 - 7.45
PA CO2:
partial pressure of CO2 in the alveoli.
NV = 35-45 mmHg
HCo3 (Bicarbonate):
22-26 mEq/L
BE (Base excess):
-2 to +2
SaO2:
>95%
PaO2:
partial pressure of oxygen in the arteries;
NV = 80-100 mmHg
mild hypoxemia:
PaO2 = 60-80 mmHg
moderate hypoxemia:
PaO2 = 40-60 mmHg
severe hypoxemia:
PaO2 < 40 mmHg
Hb:
hemoglobin;
NV = 12 - 16 g/dl
(grams of hemoglobin per deciliter of blood)
PeCO2 (partial pressure of exhaled oxygen):
5-10 mmHg < PaCO2
Vd/ Vt:
dead space per tidal volume:
.2 to .4 (20% to 40% of every breath)
Barometric Pressure (PB):
760 mmHg
HEART RATE:
60-100 BEATS PER MINUTE
PVO2:
partial pressure of O2 in the veins. NV= 40 mmHg
PVCO2:
partial pressure of CO2 in the veins:
NV = 46 mmHg
CARBON MONOXIDE IN THE BLOOD (CO):
0 - ZERO
V/Q:
(VENTILATION / PERFUSION RATIO):
NV = 1.0 OR 1/1
SaO2:
Saturation of O2 in the blood by hemoglobin in the arteries
NV = >95%
VCO2:
CO2 production at the cellular level; NV = 200 mL per minute
VO2:
O2 consumption at the cellular level; NV = 250 mL per minute
HbO2:
Amount of oxyhemoglobin in the blood;
NV = 20.1 ml/dl
PH2O:
Partial pressure of H2O in the body (water vapor tension);
NV = 47 mmHg
PAN2:
Partial pressure of N2 in the alveoli;
NV = 573 mmHg
Hb cc:
O2 carrying capacity of hemoglobin;
NV = 1.34 ml of O2
In whole blood, each gram of HB can carry approximately:
1.34 ml of oxygen
P50:
The partial pressure of oxygen at which the HB is 50% saturated
NV = 26.6 mmHg
Anion gap norms:
Cations:
K+ ______
Na+ _______
K+ 3.5 - 5.5 mEq/L
Na+ 137-147 mEq/L
Anion gap norms:
Anions:
Cl:
HCO3:
Cl: 95-105 mEq/L
HCO3: 22-26 mEq/L
Qt:
Cardiac output-
NV - 4 - 8 L/min