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34 Cards in this Set

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What are the clastic sedimentary rocks?
conglomerate, breccia, sandstone, shale, mudstone
What are the chemical/biochemical sedimentary rocks?
oolitic limestone, fossiliferous limestone, chert, rock salt, rock gypsum, coal
What is the sedimentary environment of conglomerate?
alluvial fan, river channel, high energy beach
What is the sedimentary environment of breccia?
landslide deposit, crushed fault zone, glacial deposit
What is the sedimentary environment of shale?
lake, lagoon, flood plain, distal delta, shallow marine
What is the sedimentary environment of mudstone?
lake, lagoon, flood plain, distal delta, shallow marine
What is the sedimentary environment of oolitic limestone?
shallow marine
What is the sedimentary environment of fossiliferous limestone?
off-shore, warm, shallow sea with abundant marine life
What is the sedimentary environment of chert?
deep marine
What is the sedimentary environment of rock salt?
cut-off sea, warm, arid climate
What is the sedimentary environment of rock gypsum?
cut-off sea, warm, arid climate, associated with rock salt
What is the sedimentary environment of coal?
swamp
What is the composition of conglomerate?
-rock fragments
-mineral grains: chert, quartzite, quartz common
What is the composition of breccia?
-rock fragments
-mineral grains: chert, quartzite, quartz common
What is the composition of sandstone?
-quartz, feldspar
-rock fragments in varying proportions
What is the composition of shale?
quartz, clay minerals
What is the composition of mudstone?
quartz, clay minerals
What is the difference between conglomerate and breccia?
sedimentary environment & conglomerate (rounded grains) vs. breccia (angular grains)
What is the difference between shale and mudstone?
shale is laminated, mudstone is massive (no outward crystalline structure)
What is the texture of conglomerate/breccia?
coarse-grained, poor sorting
What is the texture of sandstone?
medium grained, excellent to poor sorting
What is the texture of shale/mudstone?
fine-grained
What is the texture of oolitic limestone?
-medium-grained
-excellent to poor sorting
What is the texture of fossiliferous limestone?
poorly sorted shell and fossil fragments
What is the texture of chert?
-fine-grained
-very well sorted
What is the texture of rock salt?
fine to coarse grained
What is the texture of rock gypsum?
-fine to coarse grained
-crystalline
What is the texture of coal?
fine to coarse grained
What is the composition of oolitic limestone?
small calcite spheres
What is the composition of fossiliferous limestone?
calcerous fossil shells, calcite, clay minerals
What is the composition of chert?
quartz (silica)
What is the composition of rock salt?
halite
What is the composition of rock gypsum?
gypsum
What is the composition of coal?
preserved plant materials