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40 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
aphthous ulcers
"canker" sores - small painful round ulcers in the oral mucosa of unknown cause
buccal
pertaining to the cheek
candidiasis
(moniliasis) white cheesy curdlike patchh on buccal mucosa d/t superficial fungal infx
caries
decay in the teeth
cheilitis
red, scaling, shallow painful fissures at corners of mouth
choanal atresia
closure of nasal cavity d/t congenital septum between nasal cavity and pharynx
crypts
indentations on surface of tonsils
epistaxis
nosebleed, usually from anterior septum
epulis
nontender fibrous nodule of the gum
fordyce granules
small, isolated white or yellow papules on oral mucosa
gingivitis
red, swollen gum margins that easily bleed
herpes simplex
"cold sores" - clear vesicles with red base that evolve into pustules, usually at lip-skin jxn
Koplik spots
small, blue white spots with red halo over oral mucosa; early sign of measles
leukoplakia
chalky white, thick, raised patch on sides of tongue; precancerous
malocclusion
upper or lower dental arches out of alignment
papillae
rough, bumpy elevations on dorsal surface of tongue
parotid glands
pair of salivary glands in the cheeks in front of ears
pharyngitis
inflammation of throat
plaque
soft whitish debris on teeth
polyp
smooth, pale gray nodules in the nasal cavity d/t chronic allergic rhinitis
rhinitis
red swollen inflamm. of nasal mucosa
thrush
oral candidiasis in newborn
turbinate
one of 3 bony prominences into nasal cavity
uvula
free projection hanging down from the middle of the soft palate
function of nose
warms,moistens and filters inhaled air,
sensory organ for smell
the two nares joing and widen into the ________
vestibule
the ______ divides the two nares and is continuous with the nasal septum
columella
How does nose filter?
mucous-grabs dust and bacteria
nasal hairs grab coarsest material
why is nasal mucous membrane more vascular than oral?
to warm air
purpose of turbinates
increase surface area for more warming, filtering of air etc.
tears from nasolacrimal duct drain into
inferior meatus
the sinuses drain into the...
the middle meatus
paranasal sinuses
air filled pockets within the cranium
frontal, maxillary, ethmoid and sphenoid
purpose of paranasal sinuses
lighten weight of skull bones
resonate sound
provide mucous which drains into the nasal cavity
two pairs of sinuses that are accesible to examination?
frontal and maxillary
frenulum
midline fold of tissue that connects tongue to the floor of mouth (under tongue)
Adults have ____ permanent teeth, ___ in each arch
32, 16
children of 20 ______ teeth that erupt in ____ age and are lost during ____ age
deciduous (temporary), 6 to 24 months, 6 - 12 years
After tooth loss in middle or older adult, describe the consequences of chewing with teh remaining maloccluded teeth
causes drift of remaining teeth and muscle imablance which can cause chronic headaches and tenderness of chewing muscles
name 3 pairs of salivary glands
parotid, sublingual and submandibular