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52 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
macule
flat, non-palpable, circumscribed (BRPWT); <1 cm
patch
flat, non-palpable, irregular shape (BRPWT); >1 cm
papule
elevated, palpable, firm, circumscribed (BRPTB-R); <1cm
plaque
elevated, flat top, firm, rough, superficial (BRPTB-R); >1 cm
wheal
eleavted, irregular, cutaneous edema, solid, transient, changing; pale pink and light center; variable size
nodule
elevated, firm circumscribed, palpable, deep in dermis; 1-2 cm
tumor
elevated, solid, may or may not be clearly demarcated; may not vary from normal skin color; >2 cm
vesicle
elevated, circumscribed, superficial, filled with serous fluid; <1 cm
bulla
elevated, circumscribed, superficial, filled with serous fluid; >1 cm
pustule
elevated, superficial, circumscribed, filled with purulent fluid; white, yellow; variable size
scale
heaped-up, keratinized cells, flaky esfoliation, irregular, thick or thin, dry or oily (silver, white, tan)
crust
dried serum, blood, or purulent exudate, slightly elevated (brown, red, black, straw, tan)
lichenification
rough, thickened, epidermis, accentuated skin markings flexor aspect of extremity
scar
thin to thick fibrous tissue replacing injured dermis, irregular
keloid
irregularly shaped, elevated, progressively enlarging scar
excoriation
loss of epidermsi, linear or hollowed out crusted area, dermis exposed
fissure
linear crack or break from epidermis to dermis (red)
ulcer
loss of epidermis and dermis, concave, exudative (red or reddish-blue)
erosion
loss of all or part of epidermis, depressed, moist, glistening
atrophy
thinning of skin surface and loss of skin markings, skin translucent and paper like
myopia
near sighted or impaired far vision
hyperopia
farsighted or impaired near vision
presbyopia
impaired near vision with aging
arcus senilis
cloudy area on perimeter of cornea that increases with age
occulomotor
CN III; pupillary constriction, eye opening, and most extraocular movements
trochlear
CN IV; downward, inward movement of the eye
abducens
CN VI; lateral deviation of the eye
Lateral Rectus
CN VI (ocular muscle)
Superior Oblique
CN IV (ocular muscle)
nystagmus
fine rhythmic oscillation of the eyes; a few beats on extreme lateral gaze are normal
lid lag
condition seen in hyperthyroidism;
ptosis
CN III problem; drooping of the eyelid due to muscle weakness
proptosis
bulging of the eye ball due to ocular pressure
miosis
constriction of the pupil
mydriasis
dilation of the pupil
anisocoria
unequal pupil size
ossicles
part of middle ear that transmits sound
eustachian tube
part of middle ear that connects to the nasopharynx
conductive phase
vibrations of sound through the external ear are transmitted to the TM and ossicles of the middle ear (tested by air conduction)
sensorineural phase
vibrations from ossicles are received by the cochlea and codes them into nerve impulses that travel to the brain via the cochlear nerve (tested by bone conduction)
weber test
tests for lateralization; normal=heard in both ears, unilateral conductive hearing loss=sound lateralized impaired ear
Rinne test
test to see if AC>BC; conductive hearing loss BC=AC or BC>AC; sensorineural hearing loss= AC>BC
rectal temperature
avg temperature is .5 C or 1.0 F higher than oral
TM temperature
avg temperature is 1.4 F or .8 C higher than oral temperature
60-90 bpm
normal pulse rate
postural hypotension
drop in systolic of >20mmHG or in diastolic >10mmHG
vellus hair
short, fine, inconspicuous, and relatively unpigmented hair
terminal hair
coarser, thicker, more conspicuous and usually pigmented hair
cuticle
eponychium; provides a waterproof barrier b/t the nail plate and the nail bed
perionychium
skin that overlies the nail plate on its sides; site of infection called paronychia
eccrine gland
sweat gland; widely distributed over most of the body; open directly onto the skin surface; sweat production help control body temp.
apocrine gland
found primarily in axillary and genital regions; opens into a hair follicle; stimulated by emotional stress; cause body odor