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30 Cards in this Set

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standing upright, with the arms at the sides of the body, the hands palm forward, the feet pointing forward parallel to one another
anatomical position
indicates a point lies nearer the front surface of the body
anterior (OR ventral in humans)
indicates a point lies nearer the rear of the body
posterior (OR dorsal)
indicates a point is nearest to the point of central attachment
proximal (the elbow is proximal to the wrist)
indicates a point is further from the point of central attachment
distal (the wrist is distal to the elbow)
indicates a point lies above another point in normal anatomical position
superior (neck is superior to chest)
indicates a point lies below another point in normal anatomical position
inferior (chest is inferior to neck)
describes a plane passing longitudinally through the body from anterior to posterior surface
sagittal plane (the line which divides the body into two equal parts--left and right-- is called the mid-saggital plane)
describes a plane passing laterally through the body at right angles to the sagittal plane
coronal plane
indicates a point is closer to the mid-saggital plane
medial (eye is medial to the ear)
indicates a point is further from the mid-saggital plane
lateral (ear is lateral to the eye)
a hole or opening in bone for the transmission of ligaments, blood vessels and nerves
foramen (foramina)
a pit, depression or concavity in or on a particular bone
fossa (fossae)
an open area within bone or formed by one or more bones
cavity
an elongated tube-like passageway
meatus (OR canal)
a general term describing any marked eminence on bone
process
a large process or eminence
tuberosity
a small process or eminence
tubercle
descriptive of a sharp, elongated or slender process
spinous
a rounded process
condyle
an opening to the surface or a space within a bone
aperture
a small articular swelling
capitulum
a prominent border or margin with a distinct linear elevation or ridge
crista
a narrow slit or depression in a bone
fissure
a shallow pit or depression on a bone
fovea
a slight ridge development on a bone
linea
used synonymously with "skull" and refers to the skeleton of the head, face and lower jaw
cranium
a skull lacking only the lower jaw
calvarium
a skull lacking the lower jaw and the facial region
calvaria
the brain case or skull cap alone
calva OR calotte