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15 Cards in this Set

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Structuralism
focuses on basic elements that constitute the foundation of perception, consciousness, thinking, emotions, and other kinds of mental states
Introspection
A procedure used to study the structure of the mind in which subjects are asked to describe in detail what they are experiencing when they are exposed to a stimulus
Functionalism
early approach to psychology that concentrated on what the mind does and the role of behavior in allowing people to adapt to their enviroments
Gestalt Psychology
an approach that focuses on the organization of perception and thinking in a whole sense rather than on the individual elements of perception
5 Perspectives
Neuroscience, psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, and humanistic
Neuroscience Perspective
biological functioning
Psychodynamic Perspective
behavior is motivated by inner unconscious forces over which person has little control
Behavioral perspective
Observable behavior
Cognitive Perspective
examines how people understand and think about the world
Humanistic Perspective
Contends that people can control their behavior and that they naturally try to reach their full potential.
FREE WILL
Historical Roots of Psychology?
Established by Wilhelm Wundt in Germany in 1879
Structuralism, functionalism, and gestalt theory
Free Will
behavior is caused primarily by choices that are made freely by the individual
Determinism
people's behavior is produced by factors outside of their willful control
Psychology's key issues and controversies?
Nature vs Nurture
What is the science of Pyschology?
study of behavior and mental processes, ecompassing not just waht people do but their biological activities, feelings, perceptions, memory, reasoning, and thoughts