Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
mental age
a measure of intelligence test performance devised by Binet ; The chronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of performance.
metnal quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations
intelligence quotient
defined originally as the ration of mental age to chronological age multiplied by 100.
Savant Syndrome
a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill
emotional intelligence
the ability to perceive, express, understand and regulate emotions
the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas
Down Syndrome
a condition of retardation and associated physical disorders caused by an extra chromosome in one's genetic makeup
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned
Drive reduction theory
the idea that a physiological need creates and aroused tension state that motivates an organism to satisfy the need
a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state
a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior
Maslow's Hierarchy of needs
Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher level safety needs and then psychological needs become active
set point
the point at which an individual's weight thermostat is supposedly set
task leadership
goal-oriented leadership that sets standards, organizes work, and focuses attention on goals
social leadership
group-oriented leadership that builds teamwork, mediates conflict and offers support