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7 Cards in this Set

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Uses
-mild sedative effects
-antispasmodic

Adverse Rxns
- Allergic (ragweed)
- Coumarin efx
Chamomile
-Purple Cone Flower
-Touted as an immune system booster
-Used for > 8 weeks--increase risk of liver damage
-Theoretically may counter the effects of immunosuppressants used in transplant
-Recommended NOT to be used in patients on immunsuppressive therapy
Echinacea
-Used for migraines, muscle aches
-Believed to block synthesis of leukotrienes, prostaglandins and thromoboxanes
-Contraindicated in pregnancy
-Blocks platelet activity

-use with caution if you are taking:
warfarin (Coumadin)
heparins (Lovenox, Fragmin)
anti-platelet agents
Feverfew
Uses
? lower blood pressure
? lower cholesterol (~ 10-15 %)

Belief that garlic blocks adenosine triphosphate citrate lysase, an important enzymatic step in the process of converting carbohydrates to fat.
Antiplatelet effects--increased risk of bleeding
Use with caution with warfarin--may increase INR and cause increase risk of bleed
Garlic
Main use for nausea and stomach upset
Proven to be effective post-surgery, morning sickness, motion sickness

Can prolong bleeding time
Avoid use in patients on Coumadin
Ginger
-Touted as a memory enhancer
-Flavoglycosides act as free radical scavengers and increase cerebral blood flow

-Gingko has antiplatelet activity
use with caution if you are taking:
warfarin (Coumadin)
heparins (Lovenox, Fragmin, Innohep)
anti-platelet agents
Gingko biloba
-Touted as a mood elevator (fatigue/stress)
-Energy enhancer
-Ginsenosides similar to steroid hormones in structure
-Study of 36 newly diagnosed diabetics--200 mg dose
increased vigor
increased feeling of well-being
lower blood sugar
-Adverse Effects
High doses cause hypotension
Drug Interactions
-Enhance effects of hypoglycemia agents and antihypertensives
Ginseng