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20 Cards in this Set

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The sum total of all cell processes is...
METABOLISM
The process of building up molecules in the cell (photosynthesis) is...
Anabolism
The process of breaking down molecules in the cell (respiration) is...
Catabolism
Organisms that synthesize their own food from inorganic substances is...
AUTOTROPHS
Organisms that do not synthesize their own food, but depend of autotrophs for food is...
Hetrotrophs
The process by which sunlight is converted into chemical energy is ...
Photosynthesis
The process by which chemical energy is released and used by the cell is...
Respiration
Photosynthesis' equation is...
6 CO2 + 6 H2O ---> C6 H12 O6 + 6 O2
Respirations equation is...
C6 H12 O6 + 6 O2 --> 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + energy
What occurs only in teh presence of oxygen, O2 bonds with H to make a useful product
Aerobic respiration
What occurs only in the absence of oxygen, pyruvic acid bonds with H?
Anaerobic respiration
In animals = to cramps
Lactic acid fermentation
In plants
Alcoholic fermentation
Once a fuel is burned the energy gets to the other organelles by the following process.
Adenine + ribose -> adenosine
Adenosine +phosphate -> adenosine monophosphate (amp)
AMP + phosphat -> adenosine diphosphate
ADP + phosphate -> adenoside triphosphate what is is called?
Energy Transfer
What is the Energy transfer process?
Adenine + ribose -> adenosine
Adenosine +phosphate -> adenosine monophosphate (amp)
AMP + phosphat -> adenosine diphosphate
ADP + phosphate -> adenoside
the unicersal energy carrying molecule produced in all cells is...
ATP- Adenoside triphosphate
What breaks down H2O molecules?
Light reaction
What breaks down CO2 molecules?
Dark reaction
What is the actication energy that starts the process of photosynthesis?
Light
What is the enzyme that controls the rate of photosynthesis?
Chlorophyll