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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
* A process in which plants make carbohydrates (glucose)
Formula for Photosynthesis
* 6h20 + 6CO2 ----> C6 H12 O6 + 6O2
Organisms for Photosynthesis
* Plants, Protozoans, Algae
Organelle for Photosynthesis
* Chloroplast
Light Dependent Reaction
* Convert light energy into chemical energy
* Sun's rays are taken in by the Chlorophyll, excited electron ends up stored in the Stroma of the cell
Chlorophyll (a & b)
* most common pigment in chloroplasts- absorb most wavelengths of light except for green
Electron Transport Chain
* a series of proteins embeded in the thylakoid membrane, where the excited electron is transported
* energy-storing molecule in cells composed of an adenosine molecule, ribose sugar and 3 phosphate groups
* an electron carrier molecule- combines with a hydrogen ion and becomes NADPH when carrying excited electrons
* Where electrons are stored
* reaction when molecules of water are split in order to replace the lost electrons- water molecule produces 1/2 molecule oxygen, 2 hydrogen ions, and 2 electrons
Light Independent Reaction
* phase of photosynthesis where energy from light- dependent reactions is used to produce glucose
* part of photosynthesis that doesn't require light and takes place in the stroma
Calvin Cycle
* taking NADPH + ATP + CO2 and making glucose
Cellular Respiration
the process in which glucose is broken into water, ATP, and carbon dioxide
Formula for CR
C6 H12 O6 + 6O2 ----> CO2 + H2O + ATP
Organisms for CR
Organelle where CR takes place
Aerobic Respiration
requires oxygen to occur -- citric acid cycle and electron transport chain
Anaerobic Respiration
doesn't require oxygen-- glycolysis
1st step in Cellular Respiration
- glucose --> pyruvic acid
- 2 ATP used
- in cytoplasm
Citric Actid Cycle
2nd step in Cellular Respiration
- glucose --> CO2
-2 ATP used
- in mitochondria
Electron Transport Chain
3rd step in Cellular Respiration
- O2 --> ATP
- mitochondria
doesn't require oxygen in order to take place
Lactic Acid Fermentation
glycolysis: glucose --> lactic acid
- 2 ATP
- used in production of milk, cheese, yogurt, bread, and in muscules
Alcoholic Fermentation
glycolysis: glucose --> Ethyl Alcohol
- 2 ATP
- Yeasts, bacteria, alcohol, and ethenol
ATP Molecule
- energy storing molecule in cells, adenosine attached to 3 groups of phosphate