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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Vowel Nasalization in English RULE
a vowel is realized as nasalized when it precedes a nasal consonant

vowel--> nasal/____nasal
the phenomenon of mispronunciations in a second language in ways attributed to the phonology of the first language
Phonetic similarity
allophones of a single phoneme should resemble one another to a particular degree
Dipthongs, Affricates, and Prenasalized stops are also known as what? because they have two phonetic qualities in sequences but are treated as a single sound
contour segments
assimilation rules
when something becomes phonetically more similar to its neighbor
particular stratum
strata that includes the core vocabulary, the vocabulary as it includes mildly non-native words, or even the vocab amplified by words as foreign
phonological doublets
when one word has two phonemic forms
the mental store of words in the brain
free variation
when a single phonemic representation gives rise to more than one phonetic form
Preliminary Dipthongization in English
æ --> ɛə/____n
normative beliefs
include the beliefs about pronunciation and language what one "should" speak or how to say certain words
connected speech
speech that is not in isolation almost always produces more rule application than citation forms
Phonemic contrast is confined to what?
particular contexts
Final Devoicing in Toba Batak
stops are devoiced at the end of a word
[+stop] --> [-voice]/__]word
a way of contextually limiting contrast. a formal characterization of a structure that is illegal in a particular language
Constraint against final voiced stops in Toba Batak
It is illegal to have a voiced stop in word final position
[+stop, +voice]/____]word
/t/ Glottalization in Ilokano