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22 Cards in this Set

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What you do to make a word plural that ends in y preceded by a consonant.
What is change the y to i and add es--flies, parties, babies.
These are all the the remaining letters of the alphabet and y and w, when you take out the vowels.
Consonants
These are words that are opposite or almost opposite in meaning.
What are Antonyms.
This consists of two consonants that together represent one sound--wh en, th in, th is, ch eese, sh eep, pa ck, kn ow, wh ite.
What are Consonant Digraphs?
What you usually do to make a word plural.
What is add S--cats, dogs, kites.
These are irregular double vowels that do not follow the Long-Vowel Rule 1--school, book, bread, auto, yawn, eight.
What is a vowel digraph?
This Rule says, "When C or G is followed by e, i, or y, it is usually soft--ice, city, change, gym, giraffe, gentle."
What is the Soft C and G Rule?
This is made form two or more smaller words--doghouse (dog house), sandbox (sand box).
What is a compound word?
What you do to add a suffix when the word ends in a single consonant.
What is "usually double the consonant before adding a suffix that begins with a vowel--running, hummed, batter."
This consists of two or more consonants sounded together so that each consonant can be heard-- bl ack, tr ain, sw im, spr ing, fa st, la mp.
What is a Consonant Blend?
These are words that have the same or almost the same meaning.
What are Synonyms?
a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y (when it has the sound of long i or long e) and w (when it is part of a double vowel), as in cow.
What are Vowels?
This is a word to which a prefix or suffix may be added to form a new word--printer, unpack, likely.
What is a base word?
This consists of two vowels blended together to form a compound speech sound--cloud, boy, oil, cow, new.
What is a diphthong?
These are words that sound alike but are opposite or almost opposite in meaning.
What are homonyms?
This Rule says, "If a syllable has two vowels, the first vowel is usually long and the second vowel is silent--rain, kite, cane, jeep, ray."
What is Long-Vowel Rule 1?
What you do to add a suffix when the word ends in y preceded by a consonant.
What is "change the y to i before adding a suffix other than ing--cried, happily, funnier, ponies, trying."
What you do to add a suffix when the word ends in a silent e.
What is "drop the e before adding a suffix that begins with a vowel--baking, taped, latest."
What you do to make a it plural if a word ends in x, z, ss, sh, or ch.
What is "usually add es--foxes, dresses, peaches?"
This Rule that says, "if a word or syllable has one vowel and it comes at the end of the word or syllable, the vowel is usually long--we, go, pony."
What is Long-Vowel Rule 2?
This is a short way to write two words as one. It is made by writing the two words together, leaving out one or more letters, and replacing the missing letters with an apostrophe (').
What is a contraction?
This Rule says, "If a word or syllable has only lone vowel and it comes at the beginning or between two consonants, the vowel is usually short--am, is, bag, fax."
What is the Short Vowel Rule?