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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
p
voiceless, bilabial, stop
lips are closed together for a moment, stopping the airflow
b
voiced, bilabial, stop
lips are closed together for a moment, stopping the airflow, vocal folds vibrate
t
voiceless, alveolar, stop
tongue tip is at or near alveolar ridge, sound is made without vibration
d
voiced, alveolar, stop
tongue tip is at or near alveolar ridge, sound is made with vibration
k
voiceless, velar, stop
produced at the soft part of the roof of the mouth behind the palate--the velum, sounds are made without vibration
g
voiced, velar, stop
produced at the soft part of the roof of the mouth behind the hard palate--the velum, sounds are made with vibration
(glottal stop)
voiceless, glottal, stop
sound is produced at the larynx, no vibration
f
voiceless, labiodental, fricative
made with the lower lip against the upper front teeth, nearly complete obstruction of the vocal tract (hissing noise), no vibration
v
voiced, labiodental, fricative
made with the lower lip against the upper front teeth, nearly complete obstruction of the vocal tract (hissing sound), vibration
(theta)
voiceless, interdental, fricative
tip of the tongue prodtruding between the front teeth, nearly complete obstruction of the vocal tract (hissing noise), no vibration
(eth)
voiced, interdental, fricative
tip of the tongue prodtruding between the front teeth, nearly complete obstruction of the vocal tract (hissing noise), vibration
s
voiceless, alveolar, fricative
tongue tip at or near the alveolar ridge, nearly complete obstructive of the vocal tract (hissing sound), no vibration
z
voiced, alveolar, fricative
tongue tip at or near the alveolar ridge, nearly complete obstructive of the vocal tract (hissing sound), vibration
(esh)
voiceless, palatal, fricative
sound made with the tongue near the hard part of the roof of the mouth, nearly complete obstruction of vocal tract (hissing sound), no vibration
(yogh)
voiced, palatal, fricative
sounds made with the tongue near the hard part of the roof of the mouth, a nearly complete obstruction of the vocal tract, vibration
h
voiceless, glottal, fricative
sounds are produced at the larynx, nearly complete obstruction of the vocal tract (hissing sound), no vibration
(t-esh)
voiceless, palatal, affricative
sounds are made with the tongue near the hard part of the roof of the mouth, briefly stopping the airstream completely and then releasing, no vibration
(d-yogh)
voiced, palatal, affricative
sounds are made with the tongue near the hard part of the roof of the mouth, briefly stopping the airstream completely and then releasing, vibration
m
voiced, bilabial, nasal
made by bringing both lips closer together, lowering the velum and thus opening the nasal passage to the vocal tract, vibration
n
voiced, alveolar, nasal
tongue tip at or near the alveolar ridge, lowering the velum and thus opening the nasal passage to the vocal tract, vibration
(engma)
voiced, velar, nasal
produced at the soft part of the roof of the mouth behind the hard palate-- the velum, lowering the velum and thus opening the nasal passage to the vocal tract, vibration
l
voiced, alveolar, lateral liquid
tongue tip at or near the alveolar ridge, produced with the tongue touching the alveolar ridge but the airstream excapes around the sides of the tongue, vibration
r
voiced, alveolar, retroflex liquid
tongue tip at or near the alveolar ridge, curling the tip of the tonuge back behind the alveolar ridge, vibration
w (voiceless)
voiceless, bilabial, glide
made by bringing both lips closer together, slight cloure of the articulators,
w
voiced, bilabial, glide
made by bringing both lips closer together, raising the back of the tongue toward teh velum while rounding the lips at the same time, vibration
j
voiced, palatal, glide
sounds made with the toungue near the hard part of the roof of the mouth, made with a slight closure in the palatal region, vibration
i
high front tense unrounded
I
high front lax unrounded
e
mid front tense unrounded
ae (ash)
low front lax unrounded
(epsilon)
mid front lax unrounded
schwa
mid central lax unrounded
wedge
mid central lax unrounded
u
high back tense rounded
upsilon
high back lax rounded
o
mid back tense rounded
open 'o'
mid back lax rounded
a
low back lax unrounded